Shabbat Shalom!


This week’s Parasha is Parashat Vayigash (Genesis 44:18 – 47:27).  Here is a brief commentary by Baruch.

In this week’s Torah reading, Jacob receives a special vision. It is a special vision for a few reasons. The term that is used here is unique. This is the only place that the expression מראות הלילה appears in the Bible. Although it is usually translated as a “night vision” the word מראות is more closely associated with an appearance. The definite article appears in the phrase so actually it must be translated as follows:

And G-d said to Israel in The Night Appearance ….” Genesis 46:2

Translating the phrase so literally makes it sound very awkward in English. However, this awkwardness only serves to emphasize the significance of the text. The reader should glean from the phrase that this revelation to Jacob has great importance. As one reads, it becomes clear that the “vision” concerns Jacob and all his family descending to Egypt. This, in one sense, is not good news. Descending to Egypt is akin to going into exile. Exile, according to Judaism, is a type of punishment. Why therefore is HaShem punishing Israel? The answer is because of their sin against Joseph, selling him into slavery. Yes G-d punishes sin, but what is taught in the parashah is that the purpose of the punishment is not to destroy Israel, but to bring about a change in their spiritual condition.

As believers, HaShem will also punish us. Usually we view this unpleasant experience as misfortune, and we simply want out of the situation. We do not ask, “What have I done to bring this discipline upon myself?” We frequently blame others and never ask, “What does G-d want me to learn from this experience?” We tend to confuse Divine punishment with persecution.

When HaShem spoke to Jacob, he responded to G-d with the phrase, “Here am I” הנני. This expression is well known in Judaism and appears several times in the book of Genesis, usually with Abraham responding to G-d. The term implies one who is available for whatever HaShem wants to do to this person or with this person. Hence when you find yourself in an uncomfortable situation, do not immediately pray to HaShem asking to be removed from the problem, but be available to be changed by this experience. Remember what G-d said to Jacob in verse 4. Although Israel was going into exile, HaShem promised to descend with the people and to bring them back up. In other words, the descent is not to keep you down, but only for the purpose of restoring you to where G-d wants you to be, but in a new condition. Change often involves you being brought low, because humility is a necessary ingredient for true change.

4 thoughts on “Shabbat Shalom!”

  1. Thanks Baruch. We were studying Acts 9 with you today on YouTube and had just gone through Ananias… (Act 9:10)  Now there was a disciple at Damascus named Ananias. The Lord said to him in a vision, “Ananias.” And he said, “Here I am, Lord.”
    Timely reminder for us all to ready, willing and able when we are called. Paul and Claire

  2. Really nice midnight lesson on 12/15 also. Thank you. I learned and was as blessed as always, but the taxing reality of the schedule you guys are keeping hit me. It had no impact on the quality of the lesson, but we can see you needed rest. I really hope that you don’t forget to also take care of yourselves while you’re doing so much for others. G-d bless you both.

    1. Thank you for your concern! We had a lot to do leading up to our quick trip to the States, including taping a couple of simulated Live Streams. We will arrive home on Monday and get back to normal. Blessings!

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