The Book of 1 Corinthians Bible Study Chapter 5 Part 1

Next we read 1 Cor 5:1-8
G-d has called us to be a holy people, a peculiar people. This means that we don’t make decisions like the rest of the world. We don’t do the things that are acceptable in the eyes of most people, but we recognize Messiah Yeshua as L-rd in our lives (we submit to His authority and leadership in every aspect of our lives). This is how we bring glory to Him. If we do not submit to Him, we are going to gradually slip into lifestyles again that are displeasing to Him, immoral, unethical etc. 
v1: Actually reported: Paul’s tone here is incredulous, as if he cannot believe what is happening in this congregation. 
·      Gentiles: Paul had a tradition, when he went into a city, to first preach in the synagogues to the Jewish people (we saw this throughout Acts). Most of those in this congregation came from the Jewish community first. By referring to the Gentiles here it shows that there was a significant majority from the Jewish community who made up this congregation in Corinth. 
·      A man has his father’s wife (probably this man’s stepmother): This is the example Paul gave of what was going on in this church. This was forbidden in Torah law (Deut 22:30). 
v2: You are puffed up and have not rather mourned: They were exalting in what was going on and were not grieved about it. Many scholars believe that the Corinthian church had perverted the proper understanding of grace (Roms 6:1-2). They had taken on a false doctrine which believes that grace gives us the license to carrying on sinning – as the sin is covered by grace. In fact, grace causes us to want to obey and to walk in the truth of G-d (Titus 2:11-13). Our objective should never be to use G-d’s grace as a license to sin. 
·      Taken away from among you: The right thing to do would be to immediately remove this man from the midst of the church community and to have no fellowship with him. 
v3: Absent in body: Paul is not physically there with them. 
·      Present in spirit: Paul is still the spiritual authority of this congregation. Even though he’s absent physically, as their spiritual leader their response should be the same as if he was among them. 
·      Already judged: Paul has already rendered a right judgement of this situation – and that is that this man needs to be removed. 
v4: In the name: They are to do this removing in the character (name is synonymous with character) of Yeshua.  
·      Along with my spirit: His revelation that has come to them through this epistle. Paul is very dogmatic. This isn’t something they need to vote on. The response as to what they should do is very clear. 
·      With the power of the L-rd: Paul is giving a spiritual judgement. When they do what Paul has commanded them (with his anointing and authority) to do it’s going to bring power into that situation. If we live in sin, if we tolerate immorality, if we tolerate that which is displeasing to G-d (against His character) it is going to remove power from our midst causing the situation to grow worse and worse.  
v5: Satan: This name means “adversity”.  What Paul is saying is that this man should be turned out so that he can experience satan’s adversity in his life so that this pursuit of his fleshly desires (carnal nature) can be dealt with and destroyed. 
·      The destruction of the flesh: The supposition is that this man, who is sinning, is a believer but he has embraced the false teaching (i.e.the more I sin the more grace abounds). 
·      That his spirit may be saved: Paul’s desire was that this man would be brought to repentance, brought to victory over his carnal nature. This is not saying that if he doesn’t repent then he will not be eternally saved. The supposition is that he is a believer – that means that he has been justified and has received eternal life the minute he believed (it wouldn’t be eternal if he could lose it). However, he needs to repent of living a carnal lifestyle so that he can begin to walk in the Spirit and begin to experience victory (have a victorious testimony) in his life. This is what Paul is hoping adversity will do to him. 
·      The day of the L-rd Yeshua: This is not talking about the day of the wrath of G-d (“the Day of the L-rd”), but is referring to the rapture/our blessed hope (the catching up of the church – both those dead or alive at that time – of which this man was presumably going to be a part of). 
v6: Your glorying (boasting) is not good:  This congregation is confused. They are glorying in the wrong things. 
·      A little leaven leavens the whole lump: This example that Paul gives underscores again that this congregation is probably predominantly Jewish. During the time of the Passover every little bit of leaven (a raising agent eg yeast) has to be removed from the house. It is forbidden in a Jewish home over that time period. A little bit of leaven, in dough, has a large influence on it – it causes it to rise. Traditionally within the Jewish community the word ‘leaven’ is synonymous with sin. Just a little bit of sin will work through our lives, our congregations, our communities etc and have a massive influence (that is not righteous) on them. 
v7: Purge: Clean out. Remove it. 
·      New lump: This relates to being a new creation. 
·      Since you truly are unleavened: As believers we become unleavened – just like the bread at Passover (the feast of unleavened bread) is unleavened. 
·      Our Passover was sacrificed: The sacrifice at Passover is a redemptive sacrifice. The one who is redeemed (us) becomes the property of the purchaser (Messiah – our L-rd). Our ownership (and therefore allegiances) changes. 
v8: Let us keep: This is a commandLet us observe it.  
·      Sincerity: This is a word that has to do with transparency – bringing things into the light.

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