The Book of 1 Corinthians Bible Study Chapter 6 Part 1

Our last reading this week is from 1 Cor 6:1-11
v1: Note 1:This verse is talking specifically (only) about two believers who are going to a secular court to settle their conflict and to find justice.
Note 2: These are clear commandments (inspired by the Holy Spirit) – they are not suggestions. 
·      Dare…you: This relates to something you would be very hesitant or fearful to do. Paul is surprised that someone would dare to do what they’re doing.
·      Go to law before the unrighteous: Seeking judgment from a secular court (a court made up of unbelievers) whose decisions are based upon human intellect – what seems right in the eyes of man. G-d’s justice is different to man’s justice. If we are wise, we are going to want to see things from G-d’s perspective. 
·      Before the saints: Believers do have conflicts at times and these need to be settled. This judgment though shouldn’t come from unbelievers (they have not experienced grace, nor are they filled with the Holy Spirit, nor are they led by truth) but from believers. 
v2: The saints will judge the world: This is part of the role we have as believers. Believers are going to rule and reign with Messiah (Rev 20:4). We are going to enforce the justice, righteousness and will of G-d in the Millennial Kingdom. But even in this age, because we have the Holy Spirit within us, we are able to render decisions that are pleasing to G-d, ones that affirm Biblical justice.
·      Unworthy: Incapable, don’t have the ability. If we are going to judge spiritual matters, then we should surely be capable of judging secular ones. 
·      Smallest: Insignificant. 
v3: We shall judge angels: The angels have been given assignments by G-d. They have a calling as well. Angels are servants and we are going to judge them. They are not fellow rulers with G-d – like we are going to be when we are in our redemptive state. 
·      (Judging) things that pertain to this life: This is one of the callings of the local congregation. 
v4: Things pertaining to this life: Issues that need to be sorted out. 
·      Appoint those who are least esteemed: The least among us, the least honourable believers, should be able to render judgments. Paul is laying a foundation here for how unimportant these secular things (money, property etc) are from a Kingdom perspective. 
v5: To your shame: It is shameful when two believers are against each other and demand justice. We should not be so caught up in physical, secular or material things (which are fleeting and insignificant from an eternal perspective) that they consume us and cause dysfunctional relationships with others. 
·      Not even one: This task of judgment is not necessarily for those who are expert in Scripture, those gifted with spiritual wisdom etc. Even the least among us believers (1 Cor 5:4) should have a degree of wisdom to be able to render judgments about secular matters. Even if someone messes up the judgment it concerns things (money, possessions etc) that are passing away anyway, that are going to be worn out or that G-d is going to ultimately destroy.  
v6: Goes to law: They go to the secular courts where the truth of G-d is not believed and is rejected. 
·      Unbelievers: Faithless ones
v7:  An utter failure: A complete loss. Having a “least” believer rendering judgment is seen as better than having an unbeliever render judgment. If two believers take their dispute and try to settle it through secular means, then in G-d’s eyes they have both suffered a great loss. It is better to suffer a loss physically or materially rather than to have it publicly known that two believers are at loggerheads (“airing their dirty laundry in public”, so to speak, is a bad testimony and reflects poorly on the church). 
·      Accept wrong…be defrauded: Paul is saying that to suffer these two (horrible) things is more profitable for the church (from a Kingdom perspective) than for her to have a bad reputation in the eyes of unbelievers. 
v8: You yourselves: Paul is still talking to believers here. They are not behaving properly toward each other (not loving their neighbour as themselves – as we have been commanded) – they are being unjust and defrauding each other. As if this is not bad enough, they are then exposing this shameful behaviour to unbelievers. This leads to a bad testimony and a bad witness among the unbelievers. 
v9: Do you not know…: Paul again using an incredulous tone. If we knew the Word of G-d this would be something very obvious to us. 
·      The unrighteous: Those who do not execute true justice (Zech 7:9-10). Those who are not concerned about upholding the name of the L-rd. 
·      Do not be deceived: This is an important statement. When we are concerned with getting everything that we believe we have coming to us (our rights, our justice etc) we are setting ourselves up to be deceived. What we should be concerned about is the name of G-d, the character of G-d, and not being a party to a lawsuit that is going to damage His name or testimony.
Note: Paul then gives us a list of unrighteous and immoral things that are displeasing to G-d. 
·      Idolatry and adultery: In the Old Testament (notably) people who were idolaters were accused of spiritual adultery (see the book of Hosea etc). These two concepts are interchangeable. 
·      Are we going to comply with the ungodly agenda currently being foisted on us by this world (LG…Q)? Are we going to settle for “politically correct” about the things clearly abhorred in the Word? 
v10: Extortioners: These are people who demand payment through force or threats. 
·      Inherit: None of the people who do these deeds (mentioned in v9 and 10) are going to inherit the Kingdom as they are in rebellion against G-d and His order. 
v11: Such were some of you: Some of these Corinthian believers had lived in the ways mentioned above. But, through the gospel and through accepting Yeshua as their L-rd, they had been transformed and led out of these ways of life. 
·      Washed…sanctified….justified: This is such a wonderful proclamation! 
·      (How?) In the name of the L-rd Yeshua and by the Spirit of our G-d: Name = character. The character of Messiah is to manifest the work of the Spirit of G-d, which produces the order of G-d, which, in turn, manifests the glory of G-d. Don’t worry about being treated unjustly or unfairly. This will all eventually come to naught. What’s important is that we behave as believers, that we behave in a way that does not bring contempt upon the name of G-d or upon the people of G-d. We need to behave in a way that reflects the righteousness and justice of G-d, producing the fruit of the Spirit, bringing honour and glory to the name of the L-rd. We need to be content in whatever situation we find ourselves in – Phil 4:11-13

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