The Book of 1 Corinthians Bible Study Chapter 7 Part 5

Our last reading for this week is 1 Cor 7:34 – 40
 
v34: There is a difference: Unmarried women have a different mindset to married women. A large part of a married woman’s thoughts and activities will be focused on her husband and children. An unmarried woman can be solely devoted to G-d in her thoughts and actions. 
 
v35: This I say for your own profit (well-being): Paul is speaking primarily to the leadership of the church in Corinth about the well-being of the members in their congregation.  
·      Not that I may put a leash on you: He didn’t want to restrain them or put a limitation on their right to be married. He shared these things with them, though, in light of the revelation he had received from G-d – that the time was short and that difficult times were coming.
·      What is properserve the L-rd without distraction: Paul is saying that difficult times are coming and there is a need to be focused upon the spiritual.
 
v36: There are two primary texts of the Greek New Testament – the Textus Receptus (KJV is based on this text) and the Nestle-Aland (most modern translations are based on this text). Although there is great similarity between the texts, we occasionally find a few differences – one of which is found in this verse. Scripture often talks about those marrying and those being given in marriage. It is unclear in this verse if the ‘man’ spoken of here is referring to a man who is betrothed to a woman (Nestle-Aland went with this interpretation), or if it is speaking about a father regarding what he has promised his virgin daughter about her getting married – textus receptus goes with this interpretation (see this verse in biblehub.com). 
·      Behaving improperly: He made a promise (either to marry the woman or to give her in marriage – depending on which interpretation you go with) but has not acted on it. 
·      Virgin: Could be either virgin spouse or virgin daughter. 
·      Past the flower of her youth: She is no longer a young virgin but is aging. 
·      Thus it must be: An obligation or a need arises (eg. The betrothed is burning with passion, or if her father can no longer provide for her).
·      He does not sin: It is not a sin to decide to marry. It is not a sin to decide not to marry. Based upon our circumstances, we are free to make this determination under the leadership of the Holy Spirit.
 
v37: Stands steadfast: He has a conviction and sticks to it (He decides to either not get married, or not to give his daughter to be married)
·      Having no necessity: No need – the daughter doesn’t need to leave her father’s home as he is well off and able to provide for her. 
·      Power over his own will: He exercises authority over his will. 
·      Keep his virgin: This can mean (a father) to keep within his own home, or it can mean to take responsibility for her.  
·      Does well: This decision is also acceptable. 
 
v38: In light of what was coming, Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, emphasised that not getting married was preferable to getting married. Neither was a sin, but one state of being was better than the other. 
 
v39: A woman is bound to her husband while he is alive, but she is free to remarry when he dies. However, there is a clause in here – she can only marry someone who is IN the L-rd (a believer). 
 
v40: Although remarriage is acceptable, Paul counsels that she will be happier if she remains unmarried.  
·      I think I also have the Spirit of G-d (the Holy Spirit): This is not a statement of doubt. Paul is not feeling unsure about this. This is a statement of reckoning or accounting. In the Greek it shows strong affirmation. The Holy Spirit has confirmed this to Paul. 

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