The Book of 1 Timothy Bible Study Chapter 1 Part 1

Before we begin our next book, I am going to make a couple of comments. 

  1. In Acts 17:11 Paul and Silas went to minister to the Bereans. The Bereans didn’t just accept what Paul said, but the Bible tells us that they searched the Scriptures (daily) to see if what Paul was teaching was false or not. As believers we should never just swallow everything we hear or read. We need to be diligent to search the Scripture for ourselves. If you don’t agree with something said on this chat, please use it as an opportunity to search it out for yourselves. 
  2. https://biblehub.com/ – This is a great website where you can check verses and cross reference etc
  3. All comments for this study are based on the New King James (NKJV). 
  4. Enjoy – 😊

We start off with 1 Timothy 1:1-11

The two epistles that Paul wrote to Timothy are often spoken of as the pastoral epistles. Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, wrote these epistles so that Timothy could successfully lead the congregation/s that he was responsible for.  These epistles contain wise and G-dly instruction. However, many of these instructions are ignored or not heeded in many churches today. Some churches go so far as to be actively rebelling against some of the commands found in these books. 

Our calling, as true disciples of Messiah Yeshua, is to find out what is pleasing to G-d. Those  things which are pleasing to Him are the things we need to be busy doing. Many times (especially in the days we find ourselves in) these things are contrary to what man thinks or does. Often they are seen as “socially unacceptable”. We are not here to do what is acceptable in the eyes of men – what people think or believe should or should not be done. We are here to listen to and please G-d (Acts 5:27-32)

Our responsibility, as believers, is to teach truth and give Biblically sound instructions to others. These instructions may not be enjoyed, believed, accepted or practiced by them. However, as leaders in local congregations, it is our responsibility to encourage others to embrace truth. It is also our responsibility to enforce truth in our local congregations. We should always stand for truth.  

v1: An apostle of Messiah Yeshua: Paul took his calling as an apostle very seriously. An apostle is someone who is sent out to fulfil a specific purpose. Messiah Himself commissioned Paul to be an apostle (Acts 9:6, 15-16). He was called to carry out the purposes of our L-rd and Saviour. 

  • G-d our Saviour: It is interesting that Paul (under the inspiration of the Spirit) in speaking of G-d the Father chooses to address Him as our Saviour. This is usually a term associated with Yeshua. This tells us that it was always G-d the Father’s plan and purpose to bring about salvation.  
  • L-rd Messiah Yeshua: Once we have received salvation it should impact every facet of our lives. There is only One Saviour (Isaiah 43:11) and He is our L-rd (Roms 10:9). As our L-rd (our Master) we need to submit to His instructions. If we are truly saved (ie. we have embraced the purposes of G-d and have submitted to His plan of salvation) we desire to serve and obey Him. 

v2: True: Genuine, authentic.

  • (Child): This is a word in the neuter so is not the word for a son but for a child. The word ‘child’ emphasizes a familial relationship and also shows great endearment/love. 
  • True (child) in the faith: Timothy was not Paul’s biological son but they shared the same commitment to the truth of G-d.
  • Grace, mercy, and peace: This is what G-d offers us:

1. He offers us the free gift of His grace

2. Taking hold of His grace causes us to be recipients of His mercy

3. Through His grace and mercy we can have peace with G-d (peace is what we receive as a result of fulfilling the will of G-d).  

  • Messiah Yeshua our L-rd: This is the second time in this chapter that Yeshua has been referred to as ‘L-rd’ (Repetition always shows emphasis). Him being ‘L-rd’ has serious implications for us as believers. When we enter into a relationship with Him, we become His servants – even His slaves. We are called to be absolutely submitted to His L-rdship in our lives. 

Note: Paul emphasises the L-rdship of Yeshua as he begins this epistle. This is not by accident. Paul is setting up a foundation that should be at the forefront of our thinking as we read this epistle. We do what we do because of the overarching fact that Yeshua is our L-rd.

v3: Urged: Implored. It is a word of strong encouragement.

  • Remain in Ephesus: Paul wanted Timothy to stay in Ephesus so that he could set some things in order. 
  • Charge: Instruct. To warn.  
  • Teach no other doctrine: Paul did not want any doctrine, taught to the church in Ephesus, to be contrary to the truth of Scripture or contrary to the revelation that G-d had given to the apostles. Biblical truth needs to be foundational to what we teach. As we approach the last days, we have been warned that there is going to be a great apostasy (2 Thess 2:3) and that wrong doctrines will be taught within local congregations (Matt 24:24, 1 Tim 4:1). These wrong doctrines will cause those who are not true believers to fall away. Not only that, but wrong doctrine also causes confusion and brings about disunity and conflict within the body of believers. We should not sit back idly and passively if wrong doctrine is taught. We need to war against wrong doctrine. 

v4: Nor give heed: Pay no attention to. 

  • Fables: MythsOur emphasis should be on doctrine – not on experience. Eg: Some people today claim they went to heaven. They then begin to teach on what they saw in heaven, who they saw etc. Their teaching becomes experiential (based on their experience) rather than based solely on what the Bible teaches us about heaven. This kind of teaching is sensational (it draws people’s attention) but it is not Biblically sound. 
  • Endless genealogies: This is not speaking about the genealogies that we find in Scripture, which are there to be studied. These give us valuable information and teach us things that we need to understand. Paul is talking here about genealogies outside of the Bible. The primary responsibility of these kinds of genealogies is to exalt someone, to give them a pedigree or a connection.
  • Disputes: Basing doctrine on our experiences or on our pedigree causes unnecessary debates and uncertainty in people. These conversations can go around and around (they are endless) and never reach a proper conclusion. People are always left with a ‘bitter taste’ in their mouths. 
  • G-dly edification: When we bring G-dly edification into the lives of others it means that we are bringing about the proper administration of G-d into their lives. Some Bibles translate this word as ‘stewardship’. When we move away from the truth of G-d (ie the doctrines of the Bible) it brings about a disunity and confusion. Sticking to the truth found in the Word leads to edification (a building up of) within the church. 
  • Faith: Faith is a word that is related to truth. We want the truth. Truth has an edifying influence in a congregation. It brings about a proper administration of G-dliness and G-d’s activity among His people. 

v5: Purpose: Literally ‘end’ (as in, ‘the goal, the objective, the purpose’). Most Bible translators translate this word as ‘purpose’ (as they have done here) except when it (subtly) suits the narrative that they want to push. An example of this can be found in Roms 10:4. Here this exact same Greek word is translated ‘end’ in most of the translations. This should be read as ‘purpose’. Messiah is the purpose of the law. He did not come to ‘end’ the law. 

  • Love: This is significant. Biblically the word ‘love’ relates to the commandments of G-d (John 14:15-24, Matt 22:37-40). When we are submitting to the righteousness of G-d and when we are walking in righteousness, we are going to be expressing love.
  • Pure: Clean
  • Sincere: We need to do things out of sincerity – truly believing that what we are doing is right, proper and correct. We do not do things because of what we are going to receive or because we are trying to get G-d to respond to us in a certain way. We do what it right because it is right – no hooks or strings attached. We do right, trusting that G-d will move in an edifying way to build up ourselves and others. 

v6: Strayed: Missed the mark. They did not have the right purpose, objective, goal. Paul wanted Timothy to set these things in order. 

  • Turned aside to idle talk: Paul did not want people to have endless discussions on doctrines that were not rooted in Scripture. Idle speech profits no one as it is unproductive. It is speech which does not emphasise the purpose of G-d. 

v7: Desiring to be teachers of the law: They wanted to be people who had authority or rulership over others. In Rev 2:6 G-d reveals to us that He hates the deeds of the Nicolaitans. This word is made up of two Greek words: Nikos meaning ‘to conquer’ or ‘subdue’ and Laos meaning ‘people’. The Nicolaitans were individuals who wanted to dominate or conquer people. This is the same attitude alluded to here.

  • Understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm: Their speech is bold and assertive. In reality, however, they do not actually know what they are talking about. They deal with issues/questions on a very superficial level rather than taking time to pray, ponder the relevant Scriptures or seek G-d’s guidance or the Holy Spirit’s anointing concerning a matter. 

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