The Book of 1 Timothy Bible Study Chapter 2 Part 1

Our next reading is 1 Timothy 2:1-7

This chapter is very important and can be highly controversial. It is not difficult to understand, but many do not like the truth found in it and consequently do not want to submit to it. We do not need to be concerned about how truth is received by the world, and nor do we need to be concerned about how truth is received by fellow believers. Our concern is with the Truth (John 14:6). We need to be concerned about what G-d thinks of us and our response to His instructions (Gal 1:10). G-d is the One we live to please. 

The Apostle Paul was a servant of G-d. He was passionate and fully committed to doing what G-d had called him to do. He desired to obey G-d in everything. He wanted to be a blessing in the lives of other people. How we talk about and how we live out our faith is very important. This should be of great concern and priority in our lives. 

v1: Exhort: Urge. Beseech. Very strongly encourage. 

  • First of all: Paul teaches us that some things have a greater priority than others. Paul wants us to make praying for others a priority. 
  • All men: All individuals – male and female. 

v2For kings and all who are in authority: We are also commanded to consistently pray for those who are in authority over us. We can pray that they turn to G-d; that they use their authority and power for G-dly purposes – doing those things which are pleasing to G-d. 

  • Peaceable life: An unassuming lifeNot exalting or trying to draw attention to ourselves, but living in a way to bring glory to G-d.
  • Reverence: Seriousness. We need to be serious about our faith. 

v3: Acceptable: When something is acceptable to G-d it means that it is pleasing to Him. 

  • Good and acceptable in the sight of: As we behave in this good and acceptable way we are brought before G-d (brought into His Presence – into His sight, sensing His intimacy in our lives). We do not experience G-d when we are idle, but we experience Him when we are serving Him. Serving is an act of worship to G-d. 

v4All men: All people. Male and female. 

  • Who desires all men to be saved: Some people do not understand the Sovereignty of G-d. They will say ridiculous things such as: ‘We know that G-d desires all mankind to be saved but we know that many are not going to be saved. So does this mean that G-d is not all powerful?” This is foolish reasoning. G-d never desires anything that His Sovereignty cannot fulfil. However, another law is at play within this equation: G-d has given every man a free will. G-d’s Sovereignty will not override man’s free will. As another example: Hebrews 6:18 tells us that G-d CANNOT lie. In no way does this negate His Sovereignty. G-d never does things that are against His character. 

G-d’s love and grace for mankind is very broad (John 3:16). G-d does not desire any person to perish (2 Peter 3:9). He does not choose some people to go to hell and some people to go to heaven. “Unconditional election” (a Calvinist doctrine related to predestination) is an unbiblical doctrine taught by some today. G-d’s grace is available to every single person, but many are going to reject His grace and so they will not be recipients of it. 

Note: Whenever predestination is spoken of in the Bible it is always in relation to believers (those who are IN Messiah) – Roms 8:29-30, Eph 1:5,11. When we become saved and are IN Messiah, we are predestined to be like Him – He is the pattern that believers are predestined to become like. Predestination is NEVER spoken of in relation to unbelievers. 

v5: Note: This verse tells us what G-d provides for us so that salvation and coming to the knowledge of the truth can be a possibility. 

  • Mediator: Someone who brings unity between two opposing parties. Yeshua came to bring unity between G-d and man. He mediated a new covenant of forgiveness through His blood (Heb 12:24). 
  • The Man: This does not negate the divinity of Messiah. It is simply speaking about His incarnation (coming to earth as a man, born of a woman). Because of G-d’s desire to save humanity, Messiah, the Son of G-d, became man. He was always G-d and He never ceased to be G-d, but at His incarnation He also became fully man – for the purpose of being a mediator between G-d and man.

v6: (literally) “Who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony in one’s own season.”

Himself: Speaking of Messiah Yeshua. 

  • A ransom: This has to do with the payment for redemption.
  • For all: Not for a select or “predestined” few. Yeshua gave Himself as a ransom to redeem ALL. 
  • One’s own season: The Bible tells us that ‘Today is the day of salvation” (2 Cor 6:2). We each have our day (our season) when we become saved. Yeshua’s ransom (the price that He paid to purchase us from being slaves to sin) is a testimony to us when it is our “day”. 

v7: A preacher: A herald. One who proclaims. 

  • I am speaking the truth in Messiah and not lying: Paul could be speaking about two things here. 
  • He is not lying about the fact that he has been appointed (called) by G-d to be a herald and an apostle.
  • He is not lying about the testimony, the truth, about the means of salvation (i.e the gospel message – Messiah Yeshua being the mediator between G-d and man, making available redemption for all mankind).  
  • Faith and truth: In the Hebrew these two words come from the same root word. This is not the case in the Greek. However, throughout the New Testament they are frequently placed together and are closely related to one another. Hearing G-d’s truth and implementing it in our lives leads to greater and greater faith (Roms 10:17). 

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