The Book of 2 Corinthians Bible Study Chapter 7 Part 2

Our next reading is from 2 Corinthians 7:10-16

The more we serve G-d, are an instrument of reconciliation, and work for G-dly restoration the more intimacy with G-d we will experience, but it will also deepen our relationship with other people. 

v10: Sorrow: Grief. It can be related to a righteous conviction – or it could have something to do with having one’s sin or misconduct exposed and because of that they are sorry that it took place. Here Paul is talking about a spiritually sound conviction. These people have grief because of this wrong that was committed. 

  • G-dly sorrow: The implication is that G-d is the source of this sorrow. For those who are in Messiah and who have the mind of Messiah anything done outside of His will is a sin or transgression. These transgressions should lead us to experience G-dly sorrow. Conviction is a good thing. 
  • Produces: Works out
  • Repentance to salvation: Repentance is necessary for receiving salvation – entering into an eternal relationship with G-d. Here, however, Paul, according to the context, is not speaking about receiving this eternal salvation. He is writing to a congregation who have already received eternal salvation. The salvation that Paul is talking about is salvation in the sense of bringing about the order of G-d, restoring things to the will of G-d, bringing healing within this congregation so that they can function properly.
  • (Without) regret: This sorrow is without regret because it produces repentance and, ultimately, restoration.
  • But: In contrast to this G-dly sorrow.
  • The sorrow of the world: This is the sorrow that is produced when a sin is exposed. The person is sorrowful that they have been found out, and sorrowful about the punishment or consequences that they are encountering. They are not sorry about the sin that they had committed.

v11: You sorrowed in a G-dly manner: Paul is concerned with a previous problem and keeps coming back to this specific event which we don’t know too much about. What we can surmise is that someone behaved in an offensive manner, did wrong, to at least one other person, if not more, in this congregation and there was a conflict. The congregation responded in perhaps a strong and harsh manner to this wrong doer and Paul was encouraging them not to forget to be merciful and compassionate to the one who had done the wrong, and also to be supportive for those who were injured. 

  • Diligence: Commitment and passion for the things of G-d, rooted in a sincere desire, an affection for G-d which manifests itself in a sincere, earnest, genuine, authentic affection for others. This sorrow that was from G-d produced within them a diligence, a desire, to not act hastily or carelessly but to respond with a sense of urgency to set things in order.
  • Clearing of yourselves: (Defence)Usually refers to verbally defending oneself primarily in a court or before a council. As believers we are going to get a negative response from the governments of this world, and we are going to need to make a defence – not to get out of punishment but to defend the truth. 
  • Indignation: Vexed. a word related to (G-dly) anger.
  • Vehement desire: Longing. A desire for something or someone.
  • Zeal: Strong commitment. Passion. 
  • (Justice): Many Bibles interpret this word as ‘revenge’ or ‘vindication’. It is not a personal revenge or a wanting to get even. Instead, it is a word that speaks about a desire to bring out that which is just, righteous or proper. It’s a word that speaks to restoration or putting things back into order.
  • Clear: Pure. Innocent. In difficult situations, despite fear, we need to prove ourselves to be innocent or pure. 
  • Matter: This is the word Pragmatic in Greek. Pragmatic is a word that speaks about something that is thoroughly researched or studied in order to arrive at a realistic conclusion. A pragmatic decision is one that fulfils or meets an obligation (eg the purposes of G-d). We need to be diligent to search things out in light of G-d’s Word. 

v12: Him who had done the wrong: Paul’s objective in writing to them was not to defend, support, or change people’s thinking about the one who had done the wrong. 

  • Nor for the sake of him who suffered wrong: Although this matter had to be properly dealt with Paul did not write to sway the people one way or the other. He had no personal investment in either the one who did the wrong or in the ones who suffered. 
  • Care: Earnest affection. Paul wanted to show his affection and concern for all of them in this congregation. It wasn’t about the individual – those who were injured or those who did the wrong. Paul had a broader objective and was concerned about everyone.
  • In the sight of G-d: In a way that was pleasing to G-d. 

v13: Comforted: Based on the report that Paul had received from Titus about this congregation he was comforted. 

  • Your comfort: Referring to the comfort that the Corinthians gave Paul based on their response to Paul’s letters and how they handled this situation. 
  • Titus: Titus visited the Corinthians and then relayed a good report to Paul, and the others, about them. 
  • Rejoiced…for the joy of Titus: Paul and Titus, and those with them, were happy to see the spiritual growth in this congregation as well as the way in which they were handling difficult problems. 

v14: I have boasted to him (Titus) about you: Even before this situation arose, Paul had shared with Titus that this congregation were a source of rejoicing. 

  • I am not ashamed: Paul had told Titus about the faith and diligence in serving God that this congregation in Corinth had, despite the problems that they faced. Paul’s rejoicing in them was not in vain, as they had proved his words to hold true. 
  • Our boasting to Titus was found true: In the past, Paul had boasted or rejoiced before Titus about this congregation. Paul’s words had proved true and so he now had no regret about the boasting he did about them. 

v15: His affections: Referring to Titus’s feelings. Titus now had a desire to be compassionate to them and to help them. 

  • Remembers the obedience of you all: Paul and Titus were excited that these individuals, after being taught truth, had embraced truth and were obediently living it out. 
  • With fear and trembling you received him: When Titus went to the Corinthians, as this situation was going on, they received him as a leader who had been sent by Paul. They listened to what he said and did what needed to be done. 

v16: Confidence in you: It is so important for a leader to demonstrate this or to say these words of encouragement to those whom he leads. Paul is letting them know that he is confident that whatever happens to them, whatever situation they find themselves in, that they will do the right and Godly thing. In the end, no matter what the problem is, there’s going to be reconciliation and restoration (a spiritual victory).

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