The Book of 2 Timothy Bible Study Chapter 1 Part 1

I hope you have managed to get through 1 Timothy and are ready to start 2 Timothy! We start off by reading 2 Timothy 1:1-7

v1: Paul: Paul reveals to us that he is the author of this letter. 

  • An apostle…according to the promise (literally: gospel) of life: Paul was called to be an apostle for the purpose of proclaiming the gospel. 
  • By the will of G-d: Paul was not an apostle through his own will or through a man’s will. He was one because that was G-d’s will for his life. 
  • Life: This is a word that has a special connection to the Kingdom of G-d. It is a word that helps us to understand Kingdom truth. It is through Kingdom truth that we are able to obtain hope. This hope helps us to persevere and to endure.
  • (Gospel) of life: The gospel gives us a different life, a new life, a Kingdom life.

v2: To Timothy: Paul wrote this letter to Timothy.

  • My beloved (child): Even though Timothy was not Paul’s biological son, Paul considered him his spiritual son. Paul loved Timothy dearly and had a great admiration for him. Paul believed that G-d was going to use Timothy in a mighty way – which He did.
  • Grace, mercy and peace from G-d the Father and Messiah Yeshua our L-rd: Paul uses this greeting consistently in many of his letter – Roms 1:7, 1 Cor 1:3, 2 Cor 1:2, Gal 1:3, Eph 1:2, Phil 1:2, Col 1:2, etc
  • G-d the Father: Mention of G-d as our Father is a reminder to us that G-d is our Provider. G-d the Father provided this plan, this gospel of life, and it came through His Son – who is the L-rd (our Master – the One whom we submit to). Paul understood that his life needed to be in submission to the purposes of Messiah. Yeshua, having humbled Himself by coming into this world, has made it possible for us to experience Kingdom change, Kingdom life, in our lives. Kingdom change can only be initiated through the gospel message – a gospel of life.  

v3: Thank: Literally ‘grace’, but in this context it is speaking of gratitude or thanksgiving. Receiving G-d’s grace in our lives leads to us having an attitude of great gratitude toward G-d as we realise how His grace impacts every area of our lives. 

  • Whom I serve…as my forefathers did: Paul is serving G-d in the same way that his forefathers did – his faith is consistent and not in conflict with the faith of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He is not serving G-d in a way that is new or different. There is a similarity between the faith of the patriarchs and the faith of Paul. 
  • You: Referring to Timothy
  • I remember you in my prayers night and day: A great chunk of Paul’s time was spent praying for Timothy. 

v4: Desiring to see you: Paul longed to see Timothy. 

  • Being mindful of your tears: Timothy, thinking of Paul suffering in prison, cried many tears due to their separation.  
  • Desiring to see you…that I may be filled with joy: Paul, a prisoner, and suffering on account of Messiah, wanted to experience full joy by being reunited with Timothy – after a time of separation and tears. 

v5: Grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice: These two women were very instrumental in discipling Timothy and bringing him to faith – growing him up to be a man of G-d.

  • Eunice: This is a name that means ‘good victory’.
  • Genuine faith that … dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and … is in you also: Faith has the potential to go (and grow) from one generation to the next. The next generation can benefit from the faith of the previous generation. The next generation has a head start and the potential to lay their faith on a firmer and stronger foundation. 

v6: Stir up: Kindle. The word used here is a word related to lighting a fire. Paul wanted Timothy to reignite or renew the gift he had received from G-d. The reason for this is that with this gift Timothy would be able to fulfil his call and complete the work that G-d had given him to do. 

  • The laying on of my hands: Paul was a personal witness of the commissioning that Timothy had received from G-d. 

v7: G-d has not given us a spirit of fear (cowardice): It was not easy to serve G-d in the first century and it is going to be very difficult to serve Him in the last century/last days (Matt 24:9-13). Biblically we know that G-d has called us to be bold in the faith and not to back down (1 Tim 6:12). This in no way contradicts gentleness (1 Tim 6:11). Gentleness has to do with not calling attention to ourselves. We are called to be subservient, in the background. G-d is the One who should take centre stage.

  • Power: The English word ‘dynamite’ comes from this word. It is a word related to great might. G-d has given believers the power to love and the power to control themselves. 
  • A sound mind: Literally: self-control. The Biblical definition for self-control would be this: The ability to behave in light of the truth of Scripture. In other words: our behaviour (words, deeds, thoughts) should be determined by the truth we find in the Scripture. Self-control is a G-d given gift/ability (Gal 5:22-23) that enables us to submit to the truth or instructions of G-d.

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