The Book of 2 Timothy Bible Study Chapter 2 Part 2

Our next reading is 2 Timothy 2:8-13

v8: Of the seed of David: This is a phrase that reminds us that G-d is a promise keeping G-d. He promised David that a seed would rise up from out of his loins – a Son who would sit on an eternal throne in an eternal Kingdom (2 Sam 7:12-13). G-d is not casual about His promises (what He has covenanted with His people). What G-d promises He fulfils. 

  • Raised from the dead: This is written in the passive. Yeshua did not do this for Himself – the Father raised Him. The resurrection should remind us of victory (1 Cor 15:54-55). Sin (whose wage is death – Roms 6:23) was defeated on the cross and the evidence of that is the fact that Yeshua rose from the dead! 

This word for being raised is also written in the perfect tense. The Greek perfect tense indicates to us that this victory was not only for the past. It is victory that is applicable for us today and it also has ongoing eternal implications. The power that raised Yeshua from the dead is still available to us today (Roms 8:11). This is the same power that G-d uses to fulfil all the promises He has made to His servants (you and I). 

  • My gospel: Paul is referring to the gospel that he personally received on the road to Damascus. Paul received an authentic gospel. Yeshua, Himself, revealed Himself to Paul (Acts 9). Paul is simply saying that an authority was given to him by Messiah concerning this truth – that G-d raised Messiah from the dead.

v9: I suffer trouble (literally: evil): Paul has consistently repeated (therefore emphasised) this theme. When we are walking in obedience to the gospel, the world is going to hate us and is going to come against us in order to cause us to suffer. 

  • An evildoer: A criminal. Paul was seen, by the majority of people in society, as nothing more than a common criminal – someone who was in opposition to Rome and disobedient to Caesar. Paul would have been seen as a habitual offender. He was caught, punished, released and then went right back to doing what he had been doing. Paul was unconcerned about the stigma associated with being seen as a criminal.
  • To the point of chains: Paul was shackled in prison because of what he believed and taught. Being in a Roman prison, under a Roman guard, often meant that the prisoner had to suffer beatings, mocking and public humiliation. Paul endured all of this for the sake of his gospel – the gospel that was entrusted to him.
  • The Word of G-d is not chained: The Word of G-d cannot be confined to a prison. Paul is saying that the authorities can do whatever they like to him, he is willing to suffer great pain for his faith. But he is also assuring us that the authorities will not be able to hold truth captive. The revelation of the gospel and of truth will not be shut up but it will continue despite any opposition that comes against it. 

v10: All things: Without exception. Can we honestly say that we would endure or persevere through anything for the sake of the gospel – that message of salvation?

  • Elect: Those who have believed in Messiah Yeshua and therefore have been chosen by Him. 
  • Obtain the salvation: This is written in the subjunctive – the ‘mood of possibility’. The subjunctive is used to express hypothetical situations and outcomes. This was Paul’s desire – his wish – that these elect would obtain salvation. We need to understand salvation in two ways: those who confess the L-rd Yeshua and who believe in their hearts that G-d the Father raised Him from the dead are considered saved, i.e.elect (Roms 10:9-10, Roms 8:33). At this initial stage of salvation all believers receive eternal life. However, there is more to salvation than this initial salvation – ie. more to it than simply confession and belief. Philippians 2:12-13 speaks of those who believe (ie the elect) working out their own salvation with fear and trembling. This working out involves doing G-d’s will and His good pleasure. It could be this latter form of salvation that Paul is referring to here. Paul desired that believers did not stop their process of salvation after receiving eternal life. It is this latter outworking of salvation that leads to eternal reward. Paul endured suffering so that he could be an example to these believers of what it means to ‘work out their salvation’. It was Paul’s desire that they would obtain not only eternal life but also eternal reward. There is no doubt that all believers will receive eternal life. What does have an element of doubt attached to it, though, is whether or not all believers will receive eternal reward. 
  • In Messiah Yeshua: All salvation can only be found in Messiah.
  • Eternal glory: By G-d’s grace, salvation is accompanied by eternal glory (being in the very Presence of G-d).

v11: Him: Referring to Messiah

v12: Deny: A term of rejection. 

  • He also will deny us: Matt 7:21-23. This is a spiritual law. Those who reject the gospel message will be rejected by G-d. 

v13: If we are faithless: If we do not walk faithfully before G-d. Sometimes we do walk faithfully before G-d (we are obedient to Him) and at other times we slip up and walk faithlessly. Walking faithlessly does not mean that all is lost. Even if we are in a period of faithlessness, the L-rd continues to be faithful to us. G-d will always do what He has promised. 

  • He cannot deny Himself: What G-d has said He will not change. He will not go back on His word (ie deny Himself). Who He is, He will always be.

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