v1 As disciples it is only as we submit to the things that G-d has taught and revealed to us that we will be given further insight, have the ability to make G-dly decisions etc
v2 ‘many words’ – the apostles doctrine came from looking at the Scripture (OT) and understanding it in the way it was meant to be understood (for much of Israel’s history what the prophets had taught was not grasped by the people. The apostles understood what the prophets had said though -in light of the revelation of Yeshua-and they were able to teach it to the people)
v3 Paul had frequent death threats.
v5 Paul was going to meet up with these men at a later date – maybe he sent them off earlier in an attempt to throw off the Judeans who wanted to put him to death
v6 there are hints throughout Acts about the Biblical Festivals – the appointed times of the L-rd.
v7 Days in Judaism start in the evening (when the sun goes down) and end before the evening of the next day (“there was evening, there was morning…the first day) This first day of the week would mean that Paul started speaking on Saturday evening, as that was when the new day started.
- It seemed like a normal behavior for the believers to gather together after Shabbat had ended and before the new working week begun (even today in Israel Sunday is the first working day of the week)
v8 at the end of the Sabbath Havdalah candles are lit. These candles are braided together and have many wicks so there is a lot more light than normal. Traditionally people would bring their own candles when they came together, and traditional blessings would be said. The Hasidim (religious Jewish people) see this as the light of the world resurrecting (meaning that they see it as a time to expect their Messiah)
v9 we do not know what Paul spoke of but traditionally during the prayer of the Havdalah thoughts and words are focused on the resurrection/revelation of Messiah. (Havdalah means to make a distinction or separation. The victory of Yeshua’ resurrection made a distinction between those who have eternal life and those who do not)
- Eutychus was a young child/adolescent (according to the Greek word used here)
v10 2 Kings 4:32-35
v11 he spoke until daylight, until the sun rose (the resurrection of a new day)
- This all lays a foundation for remembering the resurrection of Yeshua.
v12 the outcome of having a belief in the resurrection is encouragement. This life is not all there is. We have hope of resurrection and of eternal life – experiencing righteousness, holiness and the promises of G-d