v1: G-d is giving revelation to Moses for the children of Israel.
v2: Turn: This word implies a (unexpected) change in direction. G-d is revealing to the people a change that they needed to make in order to be in His will, to be where they needed to be.
v3: This verse seems to imply that Pharaoh did not leave the Israelites to their own devices – he had individuals who were reporting back to him about their journey in the wilderness – and he knew exactly where they were located.
· Bewildered = confused. Pharaoh thinks they don’t understand the terrain and have positioned themselves in a wrong location. They are hemmed in by a mountain on the one side and the sea on the other.
v4: Pharaoh’s knowledge that the Israelites were in a vulnerable place caused his deceitful heart to, once again, become strong and even duller.
How were the Egyptians going to know that the L-rd is G-d? Through judgement. If we refuse to get to know G-d through His Word (revelation) we will get to know Him through judgement.
v5: Pharaoh listens and responds to a different source -one other than the revelation of G-d.
· The word “fled” implies fear. It confirms to Pharaoh that this is a vulnerable people.
v6: Pharaoh’s getting personally involved. He is going to go out in order to either destroy or bring back the children of Israel.
v8: Pharaoh had prepared his army and chariots. He was confident, his heart was strong, in his physical ability/advantage over the children of Israel.
· Went out with boldness – They were worshiping G-d.
v9: Pharaoh arrives there with his massive preparations from a military standpoint. He is ready for battle.
v10: “drew near” is a word that has a religious overtone Biblically. If we are not worshipping G-d we are worshipping satan. That is who Pharaoh worshipped.
· “lifted their eyes” (Biblically is often an idiom for prayer) – in this context it means that they were paying attention to the situation.
· They cried out to the L-rd – now in one sense this is very good. They however were crying out because they saw this as something bad, and not as the preparation of G-d for something far greater.
v11: They are forgetting G-d’s revelation. Whenever we forget G-d’s revelation we will make foolish statements and will see things from a wrong perspective. When we walk by sight the perspective we will have of our future will be that of frailty and death. It is so important to walk by faith and not by sight.
v12: Did they really want to be left alone? Did they want to serve the Egyptians? No, they wanted to leave Egypt and their slavemasters. They are still walking around with slave mentality – choosing to go back to bondage, what they are familiar with. This is what happens when we cease to walk and live by faith. We are going to return to a life of bondage.
v13: This verse shows us the stability of Moses. He has grown and matured, because he speaks to and he knows G-d. Moses approaches/sees this situation very differently. He knows and understands the plan of G-d – not to kill the people, but to take them into the wilderness for the purpose of worship.
· Stand – literally, take your stand! (i.e.Be stabilised)
· You shall see…no more, forever: this speaks of a time of transition. They are saying goodbye to the Egyptians for ever. G-d is taking them to a new life. Instead of being afraid in situations realize this may just be a transition. This may be the end of something bad and the start of something very big.
v14: The L-rd goes to war for us! What a comfort that is. If we have not responded to G-d He will not be our defender or a warrior on our behalf, but if we are in the midst of His will,
committed to His purposes, He will go to war for us. All they had to do was to stand there silently and watch G-d work!!