v11: Grown, in this context, is not about Moses growing up and getting older. It’s about him growing in stature, behaving in a more mature way.
· Brethren: These were not his physical brothers (ie siblings) but is a reference to his fellow Hebrews. Although he was raised Egyptian he never lost track of the fact that he was a Hebrew.
v12: This way and that way: He wanted to see if anyone would witness what he was about to do
· Killed: This word is better translated “struck”- a blow/hit that brings about death. The implication is that if Moses had not interceded the Hebrew man would have been killed by the Egyptian. Moses acted in order to save the Hebrew’s life.
· Hid him in the sand: Moses didn’t want this corpse to be found. He hoped that the people would believe that this Egyptian had simply disappeared.
v13: This second occurrence tells us that Moses’ heart was not bent toward murder. He had acted because he wanted justice for the Hebrew people. He was willing to interject himself into tough situations, to fight for the “under dog”. Unlike Cain, he was his brother’s keeper (Genesis 5:8-15)
· Fighting: This word, in original, implies a physical, violent struggle.
· The one who did the wrong: Moses was able to discern between right and wrong.
· Why are you striking your companion?: The implication (the word strike again in different form) implies significant violence that could lead to death.
v14: He said: this would be the wicked Hebrew.
· Who made you? That is a way of saying: What does this have to do with you? As people of G-d we have been called to execute justice (Micah 6:8, Zech 7:9-10, Zech 8:16-17) When there is injustice do we get involved? Administering justice is behaviour that is pleasing to G-d.
· Killed the Egyptian: Moses thought no one knew, but the information had gone public.
If Pharoah found out, Moses would have been put to death for defending a Hebrew -that would have been inexcusable among the Egyptians.
v15: Moses fled: He immediately left. Moses could have been concerned not only for his own life but also that this would bring about greater punishment/suffering upon the Hebrews if he stayed.
· He sat down by a well: In the Scripture (in several places) a “well” foreshadows marriage (John 4 :15-26, Genesis 24 etc). It is no different here. Moses married Zipporah shortly after this.
v17: This verse confirms for us that Moses’ nature was to get involved when injustice was done.
· Shepherds: The male shepherds. They acted unkindly to these women. A well was public property (usually) and was the main source of shared water. Again, when people around us are being treated unjustly do we step in to deal with injustice and execute justice?
· Stood up: The word used here is significant. In many places, Scripturally, this word speaks of rising up or being raised up in order to fulfil a call.
· Stood up… helped them…watered their flock: Moses got involved and brought things to completion. He didn’t go halfway. He did the job thoroughly.
v18: Reuel. This man has several names (Jethro the priest of Midian also being one of them). This name means “neighbour of G-d”.
v20: Eat bread: Reuel wanted to fellowship with Moses.
v21: As foreshadowed at the well – a marriage/covenant takes place. Moses received a wife, and she was a good helpmate to him. She completed what lacked in his life – spiritually and physically.
v22: Gershom means “to dwell there”. Moses’ intent was to live out his days in Midian, but G-d had other plans for him. Moses was outside of where G-d wanted him to be. Where we are today might not be the place where G-d ultimately wants us to be…many times G-d has to take us on a roundabout journey (sometimes even into a place of exile so that we can experience redemption) to get us to that place of being in His perfect will for our lives.
v23: They cried out: not in a desire for G-d or for a spiritual change, but because of their suffering. Nevertheless, G-d took notice of it. They were not reaching out to G-d, but G-d reached out to them. Why? The redemptive work of G-d, the work of salvation, always begins
with G-d and…
v24: G-d remembered His covenant!! This is foundational. G-d remembers us because of the covenant we have with Him through Yeshua. Never underestimate the power of a covenant with G-d. When we are faithless He is eternally faithful.
· Abraham, Isaac…: Whenever the Patriarchs are mentioned it should remind us of faith and the promises of G-d.
v25: G-d saw them…G-d knew them: A term of intimacy that foreshadows the covenant G-d was going to make with us.