v1: This altar speaks of sacrifice. It is so important that we do not approach G-d empty-handed. There is a relationship between worship and sacrifice – giving to G-d what He requires.
· Three cubits was double the height of the Ark of the Covenant. The altar was significantly bigger than the Ark. It was not placed inside the tabernacle, but was placed in the courtyard of it.
v2: Even though the altar is constructed with wood, it is going to be made into one altar when it is covered with bronze (could also be translated copper)
v3: The pans removed the left-over bits from the offerings.
· The shovels moved the residue ashes.
· The basins collected the blood (or other liquid).
· The forks removed the pieces of meat that were sacrificed.
· Firepans or censers put out the fire.
v4: A grate – a kind of metal netting (like the mesh of a barbeque grid)
· The rings were made in order that this grid could be placed securely in the right location.
v5: This grate was placed halfway up the altar (the altar was made up of two pieces) – at 1.5 cubits – on the bottom section.
v6-8: These same transporting poles were made for the altar – but these were covered in bronze instead of gold.
v9: Hangings – Similar to a screen, these are different to curtains. These hangings were going to make up the border for the large outer fence that encircled the tabernacle area. The southern side of this courtyard was going to be 100 cubits long.
v10: This side also has 20 pillars along its length.
· The hooks on the pillars also had bands – not loops. The bands made the perimeter a lot more secure and stronger than the loops would have.
v11: The northern wall was made up in the same way as the southern wall was.
v12-13: The west (and east) end of the tabernacle area was smaller than the north and south sides. All the measurements and furnishings are halved. This courtyard is rectangular rather than square.
v14-17: The eastern “wall” of the tabernacle was unique. The primary entrance to the tabernacle area was through a screened 20-cubit gate on this eastern end of the courtyard. This gate had four pillars. The screen to its left and right were 15cubits each in length, and each of these had their own three pillars (this eastern wall was divided into three separate parts)
v18: This is the first time we are told what the height of this courtyard is.
v19: Handles/pegs/pins were at the bottom of the pillars to secure them in the ground.
v20: There were no olive trees in the desert. Oil was valuable.
· G-d was very precise about the way that this oil was to be presented.
· Some people say this was a different lamp to the Menorah as it burned continually.
v21: The Testimony refers to the Ark of the Covenant.
· The Menorah was tended from evening until morning. There was never a day that the menorah was not lit in the evening and extinguished in the morning.
· Even though this was a statue forever it is not being done today as there is no temple. All of these things are for this world, but they teach us Kingdom truth that we can apply to our lives so that we become a living Tabernacle/temple (1 Cor 3:16-17).