v1: The L-rd said: relates to divine revelation being given. It’s only through divine revelation that we can arrive at the location that G-d wants us to be in.
· The goal of the exodus from Egypt was not to remain in Sinai. Sinai was a place of preparation and equipping in order to enter into the Promised land.
· The Patriarchs believed G-d and His promises, and they pursued them.
· Descendants – speak of the next generation.
v2: My Angel – the word for Angel in Hebrew can also be translated “messenger” and does not necessarily mean an “angel”. This messenger was going to bring victory over the enemy.
v3: I will not go up in your midst: Moses is under the impression that when they get to the land of Israel they have arrived and the Kingdom’s going to begin – but we know this is not the case. G-d, here, is telling Moses that when the Israelites entered the land is was not going to bring about the conclusion of His covenantal promises. (when we are in the Kingdom G-d will dwell with us and be in our midst – Rev 21:3)
· Stiff necked – hard, unwilling to bend, lacking humility
· G-d cannot dwell with these people, in this state, because they have not yet received true redemption (through the blood of Yeshua, Lamb of G-d)
v4: Grave tidings – the people knew that they were not in the will of G-d. G-d’s will will be done – but not with this generation.
· Mourned – a word that has to do with death.
· Ornaments – possibly something they wore that identified them as people of G-d.
v5: It’s not that G-d doesn’t want to be part of this people. He cannot be a part of them -because of the spiritual law of Him being perfectly holy. Unholy people in the Presence of G-d die. If G-d went up into their midst, for even a moment, He would bring them to an end.
v6: If these were symbols to identify them as the people of G-d they now had been commanded to remove them. G-d was done with this generation and the emphasis now shifts to the next generation.
v7: This is a unique location for the tent to be in – Moses removed it from the people, placing it outside the camp (Heb 13:11-13). This tent spoke of drawing near to G-d, temporarily, in order to worship Him or experience Him.
v8: The people rose: They showed reverence, or honour, to G-d.
· In a unique way G-d met with Moses, and the purpose of the meeting was for revelation – to reveal truth to Moses in respect of His purposes.
v9: The pillar of cloud represented the Presence of the L-rd.
v10: They rose to acknowledge G-d and then they worshipped – bowed down. It’s a word that
v11: Why is Joshua mentioned? What is unique about him? Why is he there? He was faithful and steadfast. His name means: G-d makes salvation. This gives us a theological framework with which we can understand this chapter.