Verse 1-4 of this chapter are the last part of chapter 7 in the Hebrew Bible (7:26-29)
v1: Pharaoh doesn’t want to see Moses. But G-d commands Moses to go. G-d doesn’t necessarily lead us to do things that are easy. Some of the things challenge us and make us feel uncomfortable or afraid. We need to remember that G-d is always with us. It is a privilege to participate in His purposes.
· Let my people go: Better translated: “Send forth My people.” G-d’s intention was not for Pharaoh to passively let the people go – G-d wanted him to actively send the people out of Egypt. Moses knew that Pharaoh had no interest in this whatsoever. This is not a new message or a different revelation. This is something that Moses has confronted, and will continue to confront.
v2: G-d knows Pharaoh’s heart condition –stubborn refusal to submit to G-d’s command.
· Strike: This time G-d is promising to punish with a plague, one that will cause Egypt great discomfort.
· All your territory – everything within the border.
v3: Frogs are unclean animals (Revelation 16:13). There is a difference between impurity and uncleanness.
v4: The wording of this verse seems to imply that frogs do not go into the land of Goshen.
v5: These frogs were going to come up from the Nile and everything connected to it.
v6: Covered: Egypt was a vast land. Wherever the people went there were frogs.
v7: By duplicating the miracle they were adding insult to injury.
v8: Instead of calling for his wisemen something different happened here – Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron.
· Entreat: intercede or make a supplication/request.
· L-RD – Pharaoh uses the sacred name of G-d. It’s as though he is acknowledging that the G-d of the Hebrews transcends all things.
· Pharaoh uses the word “sacrifice” instead of “serve”. He is growing in his understanding of the G-d and of the faith of the Hebrews – True worship (serve) involves sacrifice.
v9: Moses wanted to show Pharaoh that this plague of frogs was not a natural happening. Moses asked Pharaoh to set the time for when the frogs would all go back into the river.
v10: Why did Pharaoh, surprisingly, say “Tomorrow” and not “Immediately”? This shows his stubbornness and pride. Maybe he thought Moses was trying to trick him and the frogs were already naturally going back. If that was the case then he would feel as if he could renege on his deal.
· According to your word: The whole purpose of what’s going on is for Pharaoh to know that there’s no other G-d like the G-d of Israel. Knowledge should lead to obedience (Psalm 14:1).
v12: Moses cried out for G-d’s will to be done.
· This verse tells us that G-d brought the frogs against Pharaoh – Pharoah is the cause of all this this worthless suffering. If he had submitted none of these things would have happened.
v13: Pharoah was a witness to the exact time that the frogs, from all the various places, died.
v14: The physical stench in Egypt was a warning of what happens spiritually when we rebel and reject the revelation of G-d – we become a stench in G-d’s nostrils.
v15: Pharaoh’s problem ended and, once again, we read that he hardened his heart. His short-term view on life caused him to not be concerned about the future. He didn’t care that he had caused others to suffer along with himself. He acted according to his own purposes, and only when he had problems did he turn to G-d.
· As the L-RD had said – this phrase yells out to us that G-d has perfect foreknowledge. Initially G-d was not the cause of Pharaoh’s hard heart, but He knew what Pharaoh’s choices were going to be. G-d never caused him to sin, but G-d knew he was going to.