v9: Moses spoke…but they would not heed: Why? Because of a spiritual problem. Anguish (of spirit) is the same word in modern Hebrew used to refer to a fuse on a circuit breaker. This fuse doesn’t function and causes a short circuit. Same idea here. If we are not doing what G-d has called us to do it is going to affect us spiritually. It’s only through Redemption that we can be spiritually mended and behave in a way that is pleasing to G-d.
v10 -11: G-d restates what Moses has been called to do. G-d’s purpose has not changed despite obstacles.
v12: Isaiah 6:5. Uncircumcised/Unclean lips: Moses is saying he is a man who speaks fleshly things.
v13: What’s the solution for the flesh? The commandments of G-d! This is an Old Testament principle revealing a New Testament reality. After we have come to faith, a change happens in us when we begin to obey the commandments of G-d – when we live by the Spirit and not by our flesh (Titus 3:11-14) There is authority in the Word of G-d. Obedience to G-d’s Word will bring about G-d’s activity in your life.
v14: Biblical genealogies are the Word of G-d and are NOT what Paul was referring to when he spoke to Titus (Titus 3:9) or Timothy (1 Timothy 1:4). Because the genealogies we find in the Bible are Scriptural we can assume that they are profitable, inspired, G-d breathed etc (2 Timothy 3:16-17) We can also assume that they are there to teach us something. There is a different purpose in each Biblical genealogy. We are going to see why this one is unique and significant. The purpose of this genealogy is to speak about a holy change.
Naturally, this genealogy begins with Reuben the firstborn (Genesis 29: 31-35). No surprises there.
v15: Simeon deviated from the commands of G-d by marrying a Canaanite women (Genesis 24:3, Genesis 28:1).
v16 This verse ushers in a language change (uses the word “names”- what this book is called in Hebrew – “Shemot”) and then it also tells us how long Levi lived for – not mentioned for the elder brothers. This shows, exegetically, an emphasis shift toward the family of Levi. This genealogy, when it gets to Levi, abruptly stops, and focuses only on his sons – specifically leading up to Moses and Aaron. We are going to find that G-d wanted to reveal His purpose through the tribe of Levi.
v17: Levi’s first son -Gershon – is mentioned as we would expect.
v18: Levi’s second son (Kohath) is emphasised – this can be seen by his age being included in the genealogy (An easy way to think of this is by thinking of the process of casting lots – 1 Samuel 10:19-21 – a whittling down, one by one)
v19: Levi’s third son is mentioned but is not emphasised.
v20: Kohath was emphasised (chosen) and now his eldest son Amram (which means “exalted people”) is emphasised. G-d wants to lift up or exalt His people so that they can be a blessing in the earth (Genesis 12:3). Amram’s lifespan is mentioned – therefore showing that out of Kohath’s sons he was the one who was being emphasised.
v21-22: Kohath’s others sons (except for Hebron who remains nameless) are spoken about but not emphasised.
v23: Aaron, the high priest to be, and his four priestly sons are mentioned (mention of a women brings redemption into a text)
v24: Korah and his sons are out of place – as per usual (Numbers 16, Jude 1:11) They even “mess up” the genealogy.
v25: Eleazar (Aaron’s 3rd son) is the next one emphasised – again a women mentioned – makes us think of the plan for redemption. Eleazar’s son is the last person mentioned in this genealogy.
v26: Bring them out…according to their armies: When we submit to G-d we’re going to war. Part of the plan for redemption is spiritual warfare.
v27: The names of Moses and Aaron are switched around in this verse (different to v26). This tells us that Moses is taking leadership. He is now being emphasised.
v28: Moses again emphasised in this verse. There is a shift.
v29: Speak: It’s not a hard assignment. Moses had to speak what he heard.
v30: Moses wasn’t supposed to answer G-d, he was supposed to go and speak to Pharaoh – not to G-d at this point. Moses again felt he needed to remind G-d about his shortcomings.
Moses is right. He does have a problem. He speaks fleshly things. He should rather be asking G-d to change him so that he can see things from G-d’s perspective….