The Book of Hebrews Bible Study Chapter 1 Part 1

We begin this study looking at Hebrews 1:1-6. All comments are based on the NKJV. 

We do not know who wrote the book of Hebrews. The writer reveals to us, from the Torah (Law), the Psalms, and the Prophets (the Tanakh – The Hebrew Bible/Old Testament), who Messiah Yeshua (Jesus Christ) is and what He has done. The writer clearly reveals that Messiah is G-d and is the fulfilment of the Word of G-d – He is not a figment of our imagination. It is only when we know who He is, and what He has done, that we are able to respond to Him in faith, in a way that is pleasing to G-d.

v1: Various times: This refers to many different parts of time/dispensations, various time periods throughout history. 

  • The fathers: This is not only referring to the Patriarchs – Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, but is referring to all of the Jewish ancestors. 
  • The prophets: Throughout the generations there has been a consistent testimony of G-d’s revelation given through His prophets.  Messiah is best revealed to us through prophetic revelation. Prophecy is vital for us in responding to the truth of G-d in a way that is pleasing and glorifying to Him.

v2: In these last days: In the past, G-d spoke through the prophets, but in these last days G-d speaks to us through His Son – Messiah Yeshua. Rev 19:10 tells us that the testimony of Yeshua is the spirit of prophecy. The better we understand prophetic truth the better we will understand Messiah. 

  • Heir of all things: The only begotten Son of G-d inherits everything – all authority, all responsibility belongs to Him. 
  • Through (Him) also He made the worlds: Messiah Yeshua created the universe and all things in it. Col 1:15-17 reveals this same truth. Not only did He create everything, but He also set all things in order. 

v3: Brightness: ‘Shining’ and ‘revelation’ are linked to this word. 

  • Express image – He is the exact copy/representation of the likeness and character of G-d. 
  • Upholding all things: The word used here is a word that comes from two Greek words: The first word means “to stand” and the second means “under” (like a foundation standing under the house). 
  • The Word of His power: This supports what we see in Gen 1:2. When G-d created the world it was empty, formless, and void. Out of order. When G-d spoke, creation started to take form and became perfect/”good” –  according to His will. It is through the spoken Word and the written Word (Scripture) that the will of G-d becomes a reality. The world needed Messiah to speak in order for it to come into its proper form. In the same way, we are dependent upon the Word of G-d if we are going to become the people that G-d wants us to be. 
  • Purged our sins: He made us clean. Creation and our spiritual condition are being linked together in this verse. When we came into this world we were stained with sin (out of order). In the same way that G-d, through Messiah, brought order into this world, His Word and Holy Spirit can also bring order and healing into our lives. Our healing begins with the forgiveness of sins. 
  • Sat down: Messiah Yeshua is seated at the right hand of His Father. 

v4: Better than the angels: Yeshua is greater than the angels and is different to them. He is unique. He is above, and more excellent, than all things. In Phili 2:9-11 we see that He is  given the name (The L-rd) that is above all names. 

v5: Angels: We consider the angels (also interpreted ‘messengers’) superior to us (Ps 8:4-5) – they are connected to heaven; we are connected to earth. The writer uses Scripture to reveal to us that Messiah is superior to even these that we consider superior to us. Messiah is eternal, the unique son of G-d, but He was also sent into the world as a messenger – a messenger, however, completely unlike the angels. Messiah was uncreated, and there was never a time when He did not exist. All the angels are created beings. They are not eternal, from the perspective of the past. 

  • You are My Son: This is taken from Ps 2:7. It is being emphasized that Messiah is the Son of G-d. Sonship has to do with honoring and serving the Father. As a son, Yeshua was totally submissive and committed to carrying out, to its completion, His Father’s will. As a Son He is also an heir, and He will receive all that belongs to His Father. 
  • Today: This word is going to appear over and over in the book of Hebrews. It is a word that has to do with an opportunity that is revealed and available to us right now – but this will not always be the case. 
  • Begotten: This means to give birth. Although there was never a time when the eternal Messiah did not exist, there was a day when He was born. A child does not come into existence when it is born. It exists long before it is birthed. We should not associate birth with a beginning or an origin. Being born, Biblically, has to do with revelation or a disclosure. A child in the womb cannot be seen or known until after s/he has been born. This verse does not speak about Yeshua’ s origin, but about his availability, His revelation (G-d in the flesh). It is a declaration of Messiah’s entry into this world. 
  • I will be to Him a Father and He shall be to me a Son’: In 1 Chron 17:13 G-d promised this to King David about One who would descend from him. This verse reveals to us that this descendant is Messiah Yeshua! He was sent into the world to perform the work of eternal redemption. Redemption speaks of intimacy between G-d and man (‘You will be to me for a people, and I will be to you for a G-d’ – Jer 32:38) In this verse there is a slight change in the definition of redemption – An intimacy between the Father and the Son is revealed. 

v6: Again: This means this is being quoted from yet another place in Scripture (viz. Ps 97:7. This verse says: “Let all those who are servants of statues be ashamed, as well as those who praise idols. Let all the Elohim – also translated ‘angels of G-d’- worship Him”).

  • The firstborn: No other angel or messenger has been called the firstborn of G-d. Angels are not worshipped. No one, or anything else, should be worshipped except for G-d – The Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 

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