On to Hebrews 10:1-10
v1: The law: The writer has emphasised that the law is a paradigm for understanding New Testament truth – more specifically; the person, the work, the ministry of Messiah Yeshua. When we study it, we will have a better understanding of New Testament revelation.
- Having a shadow: A shadow is formed by something else. It is a real representation, but a weaker representation. It is not the truth, but it is an outcome of it.
- Not the very image of the things: ‘The things’, in the Greek, is the word ‘pragmatic’. Pragmatic means that a decision is made based on common sense. It is the logical conclusion that can be drawn from the evidence. When we understand the law, the shadow that it cast of future things (Kingdom things, Messiah and His ministry), then we are able to better understand the substance, the Reality, that cast that shadow.
- Offer continually: The sacrifices offered up were ongoing. Daily or yearly – depending on the sacrifice.
- Make those who approach perfect: These sacrifices were insufficient as they had to be repeated over and over. The law could never bring about the desired perfection – but the law was never intended to bring it about. The purpose for the law was to outline, to describe, to give us a paradigm for understanding how perfection would be established – related to the Kingdom of G-d.
v2: Ceased to be offered: Those sacrifices done at the temple were done continuously because they could not bring an end/a change to the consciousness of sin. If they could, there would no longer be a reason to offer them up.
v3: Every year: Yom Kippur is the framework/holiday given to us to enable us to understand the context of this verse so that we can interpret this passage correctly. Each year the consciousness of the guilt of sin is still there (we are an unclean, unrighteous people without Messiah) so year after year the people would go, at Yom Kippur, to participate in the various sacrifices that the High Priest made on that day.
v4: The blood of bulls and goats: If the blood of bulls and goats removed the consequences of sin from us, eternally, then we would not have had to continue making the sacrifices. Under Old Testament law, sacrifices had to be made continually.
v5: When He came into the world: Messiah. He came with a proclamation that G-d did not desire sacrifice and offerings, but He wants a body prepared for Him – the calling on Messiah’s life.
- Sacrifice and offering You did not desire: This is a verse found in Psalm 40:6. The law is a teaching tool – and it always has been. Its purpose was intended to impact our thoughts so that our behaviour would change as well. The key desire of G-d was not sacrifice and offerings.
- But: In contrast to the sacrifices and offerings
- A body You have prepared for Me: This version of the verse is found in the Septuagint and not in the Masoretic text. G-d’s desire was for a body prepared by Him, and for Him, in this world. This foreshadows the work of Messiah.
v7: In the volume (head/chief/primary thing) of the book (Bible): This verse is telling us that the primary/chief message in the Bible is about Messiah. In order to bring about the Kingdom a body had to be prepared for Him. Messiah came to do the will of G-d.
v9: Takes away the first: Messiah came so that the first (Old Covenant Law) might be done away with. Notice it is in the present tense. He is taking it away and has not taken it away. We know that, in the future, the law will only be taken away when there is a new heaven and a new earth – Matt 5:18.
v10: Through the offering of the body of Messiah: G-d wanted the body of His Son to be prepared for Him in order that He should be offered up – once, and for all.