The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 52 Part 3


On to Isaiah 52:10-15

v10: Made bare: Uncovered. Revealed. 

  • Arm: This is a very rich word which can be used in a variety of ways.
  • It comes from a root word which means ‘a seed’ or an’ offspring’. It is a word which can be written in the masculine (speaking of a son) or feminine (speaking of a daughter). 
  • It is also a word that can simply mean ‘arm’ but referring to the upper portion of the arm (ie the part of the arm which is above the elbow). This portion of the arm (in an animal) is the portion which is used for sacrifice. It is the desired portion of the arm. 
  • As quoted from Google: ‘One of the most striking symbols of Passover is the roasted lamb shank bone (called zeroah), which commemorates the paschal (Passover lamb) sacrifice made the night the ancient Hebrews fled Egypt. Some say it symbolizes the outstretched arm of G-d (the Hebrew word zeroah can mean “arm”).

This bone, used as a symbol at Passover, is a reminder of Messiah – the Messianic hope (redemption) – which the descendants of G-d (His sons and daughters) have access to. 

  • Holy arm: According to our meanings above we could read this as: 
  • Holy Son
  • Holy Sacrifice (The Passover Lamb)
  • Holy (Messiah) – the One who does the work of redemption. 
  • All the nations: Messiah’s purpose goes beyond just the children of Israel. His plan has always included the whole world having available to them the potential for blessing (Gen 12:3). Abram was a Gentile when G-d chose, called and blessed him. Abraham, because of faith in the Word and promises of G-d, had his identity changed by G-d – becoming known as the father of the Jewish nation. Abraham (having been both a Gentile and a Jew) is the model of G-d’s desire to bless both Jews and Gentiles. G-d’s purpose of redemption through Messiah Yeshua is to bring blessing (redemption) for all the families of the earth. This invitation is broad and is available to every single person who lives on this planet. 
  • The salvation: The instrument of G-d’s salvation is His arm – His Son, His holy Sacrifice, the One who was slain on Passover.  

v11: Depart: Turn aside. This hints to repentance. 

  • Go out from there: Make a change. The direction they are going in is the wrong direction, so they need to turn aside and walk a different path – the right way. G-d is demanding a change in the direction of their lives. 
  • Unclean: G-d never blesses anything that is unclean. G-d’s desire is to bless. Therefore, He needs us to step away from that which is unclean so that He can do what He wants to do – redeem and bless. 
  • You who bear (carry) the vessels of the L-RD: Referring to the leaders of Israel – the priests and Levites. The priests were supposed to be an example to the people of how they were to live – clean and holy (set apart) before G-d.

v12: You shall not go out with haste: When the Israelites left Egypt for their first redemption they did so in haste – they left quickly (Ex 12:11). This time, although redemption came quickly initially, it is now going to come over a period of time. This is not talking about the work of redemption – what Messiah did on the cross – this is talking about the outcome of redemption – ie the establishment of the Kingdom of G-d. 

  • Nor go by flight: This time they are not going to be fleeing from their enemies. When Israel experiences that final redemption, they are not going to fear their enemies as G-d is going to destroy their enemies. 
  • (Gather you up): This word is not referring to a ‘rear guard’ as some Bibles translate it (it is true that G-d will be before them and behind them, but this word does not appear in the text). It is a word that means to be gathered up. 

v13: My Servant: A Messianic prophecy. This is written in the masculine and is referring to Messiah. 

  • Deal prudently: He will be very wise. The result is that He will be seen as very high (exalted…extolled -lifted up-…very high) – the Servant who is above everything and above everyone (ie G-d). 

v14: Many: Referring to the nations. 

  • Visage: Appearance 
  • Marred: Obscured. This verse is speaking of the suffering that Messiah went through. Pontius Pilate had Him flogged so severely (Mark 15:15) that, and this verse alludes to this fact, when they had finished flogging Him, He was unrecognisable. This is how great Messiah’s suffering was. 

v15: Sprinkle: This is a word used in the Books of the Law (Torah). Sprinkling happened for the purpose of purification (Numbers 8:7). Messiah suffered, and the reality of what He did is available for all mankind. His blood purifies us. It changes our status from “common” to “set apart – prepared for service”. 

  • He: Messiah
  • Kings shall shut their mouths: Messiah is the King of kings. His Authority is over all other authorities. Messiah, through redemption, offers mankind the only answer worth listening to. All other authorities will be silent, because Messiah is going to rule. 
  • For what had not been told them they shall see, And what they had not heard they shall consider: Paul quotes this, in Roms 15:21, to speak of his desire to go and preach the gospel on new ground, in new places. 
  • Not been told them…had not heard: This is referring to the Gentiles. The Gentiles did not have a Bible. They were not the recipients of the law of G-d. They had not been told about G-d. Israel was supposed to share it with them, but this had not happened to a great extent. 
  • They shall see…they shall consider: When the Gentiles were given the message (through Paul and those like Paul) they perceived (saw) it and many readily accepted it. The Gentiles paid great attention to the gospel message, and they were able to respond to it with clarity. This is G-d’s wonderful plan – to take His message of salvation to the ends of the earth so that the Gentiles could also respond to it.

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