The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 10 Part 3

Isaiah 10:12-19 is our next reading. 

v12: L-RD: Adonai. Our Master. You will notice that sometimes L-rd is written in capital letters (as it is here in the NKJV) and sometimes L-rd is written in small letters. When the capital letters are used it is usually indicating that the name used for G-d is either YHWH or Adonai – the Master G-d.

  • Punish: This is from the same root of the word used in Isaiah 10:3 to mean ‘visit’G-d is all in. He is totally involved. 
  • Arrogant heart…haughty looks: Assyria was proud and arrogant. They were not submissive to G-d, and therefore He was going to bring judgment upon them. 

Note: Assyria did what she did because of her own selfish and sinful desires. Her motivation was not out of a desire to serve and honour G-d. G-d did not cause or make Assyria do what it did to other nations or to Israel. However, G-d used what she did for His purposes. Because Assyria’s motivation was wrong, G-d was against her and is going to visit her to punish her. 

v13: He says: The king of Assyria will say…

  • I have done it: Referring to the destruction he has brought about in Israel. 
  • A valiant man: A knightA warrior.

v14: Found like a nest: It was easy for the Assyrians to rob and plunder the people. 

  • Eggs that were left: Israel’s wealth (and the wealth of the nations that Assyria plundered) was abandoned – like eggs just lying about.  Easy pickings. 
  • There was no one who moved his wing: No father or mother birds were there to protect the eggs. 
  • (No mouth was opened) with even a peep: The king of Assyria had total freedom to do whatever he wanted to do. The problem was that he did it in arrogance and in defiance – against the will of G-d. G-d used Assyria’s actions to accomplish His will, but Assyria did not do what they did out of love and obedience for G-d. They had selfish purposes. They did it in defiance to what was right. They were not motivated by an inner quality of justice and judgment and righteousness and wanting to bring honour to G-d.

v15: Shall an axe boast…against him who chops with it (or the saw…against him who saws): Obviously the axe (or saw) cannot take the glory for the wood that has been chopped. It is the woodcutter who wields these instruments that gets the glory. The axe/saw is just the tool in his hand that he uses to accomplish His purposes. 

  • Rod … staff: These were two instruments usually made of wood. A piece of wood can never be greater than the one who fashioned and moulded it in the first place. Assyria gave no thought to their Creator. They were like the rod and staff in G-d’s hand (they inflicted pain and discipline on the nations around them), but, in their arrogance, they thought that they were greater than the One wielding them. 

v16: The L-rdthe L-rd of hosts: The first ‘L-rd’ is referring to the Master G-d – Adonai. The second ‘L-rd’ is referring to YHWH – the transcendent G-d. 

  • Leaness: Skinniness
  • Send leaness among his fat ones: Assyria were going to experience judgment. Although they had lived in plenty they were going to go into scarcity. 
  • His glory: Referring to the glory of the king of Assyria.
  • He: The L-rd. 
  • Under his glory He will kindle …a fire: Assyria served G-d’s purpose, but they did not serve it in obedience and submission. Because of their arrogance and pride, the king of Assyria and his empire were going to experience the judgment of G-d – fires were going to be kindled against them and they were going to be consumed. 

v17: Light of Israel … His Holy One: Many commentators say that this is speaking of G-d the Father and of His Son. Yeshua calls Himself the Light of the world (John 8:12). He is, therefore, the Light of Israel. 

  • Devour his thorns and his briars in one day: Assyria’s judgment day came rapidly for them. Thorns and thistles imply that a fertile land has been abandoned. Instead of fruitfulness there is a wasteland. 

v18: Consume the glory of his forest and of his fruitful land: Their land is going to be judged. G-d is going to cause their fertile land to lie fallow – it will have no life in it (no flesh, no humans, will exist on it – no soul or body). 

v19: The rest: What is left, what remains.

  • Few in number: Only a small remnant of them will remain. This concept of a remnant is so important throughout Scripture. G-d can do great things with a remnant!

Note: When justice is denied, when legislation is enacted that is wicked, it brings troublesome times upon the poor, the weak, the orphan, the widow. However, in the end, G-d’s going to get totally involved and He is going to bring judgment upon those who have acted wickedly. 

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