The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 10 Part 5

Our next portion is Isaiah 10:24-34

v24: Says: The translators have changed this to the present tense in English, but it is written in the past tense in Hebrew – “said” – although it was something that was going to happen in the future. When G-d says something, we can consider it as good as done. G-d’s Word is reliable. We can depend on it. 

  • Zion: This is a Kingdom word. Every time this word appears in the Scripture it has Kingdom implications.
  • The manner of Egypt: Israel had been in bondage in Egypt for 430 years. They had suffered greatly in Egypt. Egypt had tried to annihilate the children of Israel – casting the male offspring into the Nile. Egypt, however, did not succeed in their plans and Israel was eventually delivered from out of their hands. Likewise, Assyria was not going to succeed either. 

v25: Note: G-d’s wrath or anger will come to an end when His enemies are destroyed. Here G-d is specifically referring to Assyria as His enemy, but this is foreshadowing (a paradigm) what is going to happen in the future – the final antichrist, G-d’s enemy, will be quickly destroyed (2 Thess 2:8). The fulfilment of the first prophecy (the destruction of Assyria) should cause us to be built up in our faith. G-d did what He said He would do, so that helps us to trust in His last day promises. G-d is reliable. We can trust Him. He will not disappoint us. 

v26: Him: Referring to the king of Assyria and his army. 

  • Slaughter (striking) of Midian: See Judges 7:21-25. At Midian, G-d moved against, and defeated, a great army – an army which had greatly outnumbered Israel. 
  • His rod was on (struck) the sea: This reminds us of the parting of the Red Sea in Ex 14:16-31
  • In the manner of Egypt: The army of Egypt (and eventually its empire) was destroyed. This is the same promise that G-d is (again) making here regarding the Assyrian army and empire. 

v27: That day: Judgment Day 

  • His burden will be taken away from your shoulder: Assyria placed suffering on Israel/Judah. G-d promised to remove this suffering from them. 
  • Yoke: The burden
  • Anointing oil: The Holy Spirit was going to come upon Israel and that was going to bring about the defeat of the enemy. 

v28: Note: This verse speaks about how close the king of Assyria came to defeating the house of Jacob. Although he did a lot of damage to them, he was unsuccessful in destroying them. In the same way the final antichrist (in the last days) is also going to come close. However, he will also not succeed in a total annihilation of the Jewish people, as a 1/3rd remnant will be saved from his hand (Zech 13:8-9)

  • Aiath… Migron…Michmash: These are all locations located very near to Jerusalem. Assyria came very close to Jerusalem and laid a siege against her. This siege was unsuccessful and eventually was aborted. 
  • At Michmash he has attended to his equipment: Assyria had a storage place/an armoury for their weapons/equipment/vessels at this place. 

v29: Geba: This exact location is unknown, but it is thought to be close to Jerusalem.

  • Ramah…Gibeah: These were places very close to Jerusalem. 
  • Fled: The people who lived near or close to Jerusalem left, they ran away. 

v30: Anathoth: This was a very poor neighbourhood close to Jerusalem. It was the neighbourhood that Jeremiah grew up in (Jer 1:1). 

v31Madmenah has fled: Noone knows where this place was. It became a no-man’s land. 

  • The inhabitants of Gebim seek refuge: They also gathered up their things and fled as refugees. 

v32: He will remain at Nob: Referring to the king of Assyria. Priestly families dwelt in Nob because they wanted to be closer to Jerusalem (1 Sam 22:19). 

  • Shake his fist: The king of Assyria mocked the mount – the temple. He had no regard for the things of G-d. 

v33: Lop off the bough: Cut off the branch. Assyria would get really close to Jerusalem, but G-d was going to stop them in their tracks when they got there. 

  • High stature: Haughty. Those who have a prideful spirit.

v34: Lebanon: Lebanon was a forest that was thick with trees. Lebanon, in the Bible, is often used as a picture of earthly glory. 

  • Mighty One: Many scholars see this as a reference to Messiah. In the days of Assyria, it was King Hezekiah that executed the prophetic truth that G-d gave to Isaiah. Hezekiah can be seen as a prototype/paradigm of Messiah. Although he was not Messiah, Hezekiah trusted in the prophetic words and instructions from G-d. In much the same way, Messiah is going to trust and obey the prophetic revelation to bring about a future victory. Assyria was destroyed when she came against Jerusalem. In the same way we can expect that in the last days, when the great army of the antichrist assembles around Jerusalem, that it too will be defeated in the way that Assyria was (Luke 21:20, Zech 14:1-5, 2 Thess 2:8). G-d’s prophetic revelation will prove to be true and there will be deliverance. 

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