The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 2 Part 1

We begin this week looking at Isaiah 2:1-5. 

The only way to avoid G-d’s judgment is through receiving the gospel message – that invitation to salvation –Messiah Yeshua. G-d’s vengeance and judgment is not only an Old Testament concept. Prophetically, in the Old Testament, His judgment is seen as a last day event. In the New Testament we are taught that G-d the Father has given all judgment to Yeshua (John 5:22-24, Rev 6:16-17). The wrath of Yeshua is going to bring about destruction on this earth. However, this destruction is going to give birth to the establishment of G-d’s Kingdom! It is G-d’s judgment that makes visible His righteousness. 

This chapter in Isaiah begins with a prophetic revelation concerning the Millennial Kingdom – a period of 1000 years when Messiah reigns on this earth (Rev 20:1-6). It is after this period of time that the New Jerusalem will be established (Rev 21:1-5). 

v1: Word that Isaiah…saw: This was not a word that he heard, but it was something which he saw – another vision. 

  • Judah and Jerusalem: In Isaiah’s day there was the division of the monarchy into two kingdoms – the North (referred to as ‘Israel’ – Israel consisted of 9 tribes + some from the tribe of Levi. This Northern kingdom went into captivity earlier than the Southern kingdom did), and the South (referred to as ‘Judah’ and consisting of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin and some from the tribe of Levi). 

v2: It shall come to pass: This should be understood as revealing a promise from G-d. He has said this will happen so it will happen. 

  • In the latter days: When we see this phrase, ‘the latter (last) days’, Daniel’s final week, his 70th week, should come into our minds (Dan 9:25-27). 
  • Mountain: Mountain, prophetically, speaks of a government/kingdom – Dan 2:44-45When Messiah returns to Jerusalem (Zech 14:3-9) He is going to set up the government of G-d in this world (Rev 19:15). This government will be in effect on this current earth for 1000 years, when Messiah and His saints (those, in our dispensation, who have accepted Yeshua) will rule – Rev 2:26-27; Rev 5:10; Rev 21:4
  • L-rd’s house: Referring to the temple. There will be a correctly functioning temple in Jerusalem at this time. 
  • Be exalted above the hills: This means that the government (Messiah’s government) that will be functioning out of Jerusalem at this time will be the main or chief government. There will be other governments (‘hills’), but they will be in submission to this government (‘mountain’). Jerusalem is going to be the place/seat of G-d’s Authority. His authority will be manifested and maintained from Jerusalem because Messiah will be ruling there.
  • Nations: Gentiles
  • Flow: Stream. People from the nations will stream to Jerusalem to worship G-d, submit to Him and to be faithful to Him. 

v3: Many people: Referring to those in the nations.

  • Mountain: Government
  • Jacob: The name ‘Jacob’ has great significance. In English we have been taught that it means ‘deceiver’ or ‘supplanter’, ‘one who behaves incorrectly’. However, in Hebrew this is not the understanding of the name Jacob. In Hebrew this is a word that means to follow after, to pursue (eg a reward) relentlessly/without giving up – taking hold of something and not letting go until the desired outcome has been achieved. This is confirmed in Jacob’s behaviour – Gen 25:26, Gen 32:24-31. Jacob is an example of how we need to whole-heartedly pursue the L-rd. G-d rewards those who pursue His purposes and will like Jacob did. That is why G-d said of Jacob: “Jacob I have loved” (Malachi 1:2). Jacob was a man who followed hard after the will and purposes of G-d. 
  • Zion: Jerusalem in its redemptive state – ie after Messiah returns (throughout the prophecy we are going to come across a lot of repetition. Repetition helps us to learn. It helps us to see what is important and emphasised).
  • The law… the Word: Another example of parallelism. This teaches us that there is a relationship between the Word of the L-rd and the law. The law does not save us, but it defines what is right and what is wrong, what is righteousness and unrighteousness. The constitution in Messiah’s government will be His law. 
  • Jerusalem: Jerusalem is important – not only in the past but also in the future. It is going to be G-d’s capital city when Yeshua reigns on earth for those 1000 years. 

v4: Nations: There will be Gentile people alive on earth during the Millennial reign of Messiah. The purpose of G-d has always been to bless the nations (Gen 12:3). 

  • Plow shares … pruning hooks: Tools to produce fruitfulness. There will be no need for weapons in this millennial kingdom. War will be a thing of the past because the Torah (the law) is going to establish justice and bring about a righteous Kingdom where there’ll be fruitfulness. 

v5: Light: We need to have revelation (light, illumination). Revelation is the basis for how we behave, our walk, our lifestyle.

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