Our next reading is Isaiah 22:20-25
v20: In that day: An expression of judgment – Judgment Day. Judgment produces a change. Judah is going to receive judgment, and the change that is going to come about from this judgment is a change in administration.
- Eliakim: Many of the Christian scholars see this man as kind of a typology for Messiah. His name means ‘My G-d He will raise up’. This name has within it a hint of resurrection.
Note: Although this prophecy was fulfilled, it still has relevance for the last days. It foreshadows what has to still take place at the end. In this chapter we have learned that there was an apparent defeat coming. The people were so sure of this defeat that they ate and drank because they expected to die. Death however did not come, but a transition, a change in administration, did. In much the same way, in the last days, there is going to be a time of great trouble (Jer 30:7). Things are going to look rather hopeless for the children of Jacob (the Israelis) in the last days. However, a remnant of the house of David is going to be saved (Zech 13:8-9). It is at this time that the wicked administration (“Shebna”) will be removed, and a transition to a new administration will occur – Messiah (of whom Eliakim is a type) will set up His Kingdom on Earth and He will begin to rule and reign (Rev 20:4-6).
- Hilkiah: This name means ‘My portion is the L-rd’. Through resurrection we receive our portion, our reward, from the L-rd. Those, like Shebna, had no hope, no expectation of G-d’s reward. They did not believe in a resurrection. They had no Kingdom faith or hope. It is only when we have a Kingdom perspective, a Kingdom hope, that we will be able to endure, persevere, overcome, as we know that in the end there is going to be a marvellous change.
v21: Your: G-d is still speaking to Shebna.
- Commit your responsibility into his hands: Eliakim is going to have authority. He is going to rule.
- Father: Fathers provide and protect. Fathers leave an inheritance for their children. Eliakim teaches us about what Messiah is going to bring about for His covenant people.
v22: Note: This verse is found in Revelation 3:7. The message in Revelation 2 and 3 is spoken to the people of G-d – teaching them how to be found faithful and how to overcome in the last days.
- The key … I will lay on his shoulder: He (ultimately Messiah, but Eliakim in this context – a typology of Messiah) is given an authority and a responsibility for the house of David.
- He shall open: The Kingdom of G-d is opened to us through the gospel, through believing in Messiah Yeshua.
- No one shall shut: Once we have accepted Messiah, no one can keep us out/shut us out of the Kingdom of G-d.
- He shall shut, and no one shall open: For those who reject the gospel, the Kingdom of G-d shall not be opened up to them.
v23: Note: The nation of Judah was not going to be destroyed. A transition of leadership was going to happen, and a new leader was going to take Shebna’s place. This new leader, Eliakim, was going to be placed in a secure place. He was going to endure and bring honour.
v24: Him: Many scholars believe that ‘him’ is referring to the children of Israel, under the leadership of Eliakim.
- Hang on him all the glory of his father’s house: This means that he is reliable and can be trusted.
- Offspring: The sons and the daughters.
- The issue: Future offspring. Future generations.
- Pitchers: The literal word here is ‘lyres’ – Musical instruments.
- From the cups to all the (lyres): This one will be dependable to keep both the house and the music (the worship) well maintained.
v25: Note: At face value, this verse appears to be problematic. Many commentators will steer it away from the direction that this passage is going in and they say it refers back to Shebna (a kind of summary verse of what happened to him and how he felt etc).
Others say that this verse is futuristic. Those who take this latter stance speak of a time yet future when Judaism, having been like ‘a peg in a secure place’, will be chopped down and it will fall. Those who trusted in Judaism are going to see it, that which they had thought of as their firm foundation, being ripped apart. This is foreshadowing a time of change (Zech 12:10). The people will no longer find their security in Judaism, but, when Messiah returns for His second coming, they will realise that He is the Son of David and their Messiah, and they will find their security in Him – the One who truly holds the key of David.