The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 3 Part 2

Our next reading is Isaiah 3:13-17

Scripturally speaking, men are called to be the spiritual leaders. Women, however, historically and even Scripturally, tend to be foundational in the spiritual well-being of a society. When women live in obedience to G-d’s Word, it has a great influence on society, and on men being faithful to their role. When women turn away from what G-d has instructed them to do, society plummets. Historically, sociologists have proven that when modesty, of women in a society, is done away with, that society enters a decline politically, economically, and socially. The Bible places emphasis on the modesty of women. We are not called to attract attention to our physical features, but what should stand out in a woman is her inner characteristics (1 Tim 2:9-10). 

v13: L-rd: The name used for the transcendent G-d (YHWH). 

  • Stands: G-d positioned Himself in a specific location. The word used here is word that carries the connotation of stability. G-d takes a stand. He is stable, and the purpose of this to bring stability into society. 
  • (Contend): This is not the word ‘plead’. G-d has a contention. He is standing against the behaviour of the people. 
  • People: The context around this word tells us that this is not speaking about the nations but is referring to Israel – specifically the southern kingdom of Judah. 

v14: The L-rd: The same word used for the transcendent G-d. 

  • The elders of His people: This prophecy is geared toward Israel. Therefore, giving context to ‘people’ in Isaiah 3:13. 
  • Princes: Cabinet members of a government. Those who are in high positions of leadership within a country. 
  • Eaten up the vineyard: Instead of being a blessing, they used their positions of leadership for their own benefit and financial gain. 
  • Vineyard: Isaiah 5:7 tells us that this vineyard is (symbolic of) the house of Israel – Israel collectively as a people, as a nation.
  • Plunder: These officials took the goods of the poor by force. 
  • In your houses: They took, and are utilising, goods from the poor for their own personal enjoyment. Exploitation is evidence of improper leadership. 

v15: Crushing…grinding: Violent exploitation of the people and of the poor.

  • L-rd G-d of hosts: We need to always pay attention as to how G-d reveals Himself in a passage. This is a term that relates to G-d being powerful. This term exudes power, authority and the ability to carry out judgment. 
  • L-rd: Master (Adonai) The One who has authority.
  • G-d: The transcendent name of G-d. 

v16: Note: Improper leadership manifests itself in immorality. 

  • The daughters of Zion: These young women are marked for the Kingdom, but they are not behaving like the daughters of the Kingdom.
  • Haughty: They elevate themselves. Haughtiness is rooted in pride. They believe that they are superior. Instead of walking in modesty and humility (that which expresses a G-dly character and faith) they are exalting themselves. 
  • Necks: Literally: throats
  • Outstretched necks: A posture of pride. 
  • Wanton eyes: The implication is that they are seeking, searching, looking for that which is improper. They want their own desires to be fulfilled – self-gratification. 
  • Walking and mincing: This is unique and is not a normal way to walk, although it is a walk that has a purpose to it. 
  • Jingling with their feet: Ankle bracelets are not jewellery for attracting the eye to something beautiful, but instead their purpose is to capture a person’s ears through the noise that they make. Once the ears have been captured the eyes follow. 

v17: L-rd: The Master G-d. 

  • Uncover: Expose or make naked. Immodesty produces shame. 
  • Secret parts: The areas of their bodies that should be kept private. 

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