The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 40 Part 2


Next up is Isaiah 40:6-11

v6: What shall I cry (call out): What is the revelation that needs to be revealed to man?

  • All flesh is grass: The revelation being made known is in regard to the frailty of humanity. 
  • All its loveliness: All human beauty – those things that are pleasing to us. 
  • Like the flower of the field: Because of sin, beauty is temporal, fleeting – here today and gone tomorrow. Through G-d’s work of redemption and His Kingdom covenant, mediated through Messiah, we find that He brings that which is eternal – that which lasts forever. Yeshua defeated and destroyed death and He gives life, eternal life. 

v7: The grass withers (dries out): This is what happens to humanity in our natural state. Sin produces mortality. 

  • The breath (literally, Spirit) of the L-rd: The Holy Spirit is the One who brings about G-dly order from chaos (Gen 1:2). This is what this prophecy is speaking about – G-d is bringing about a change in order to bring things back into His order. The order of G-d relates to the will of G-d, which is going to produce the desires of G-d – and all of this is the outcome of the work of the Spirit of G-d.
  • The people are grass: The symbolism of the grass is interpreted for us. We do not need to guess what G-d is referring to here. 

v8: The Word of our G-d: His promises

  • The Word of our G-d stands forever: This is what gives us hope! G-d’s promises will be established forever. We may not be experiencing them right now (they may not be taking place in the physical realm) but G-d has promised, and so they will be and we will see them as an eternal reality. 

v9: Bring good tidings: Literally the word for an evangelist. An evangelist proclaims good news about redemption. This word lets us know that this passage has a gospel connection.

  • Get up (Go up)… you who bring good tidings: The evangelists of Zion are the ones who need to go up on this high mountain.
  • Zion…Jerusalem: These names are often used together and show parallelism. Zion is Jerusalem in her redeemed or glorified (changed) state. 
  • Lift it up, be not afraid: Most of the Rabbinical scholars say this is a call not to be afraid as there is going to be a lot of opposition to this change. This opposition is going to be rooted in a worldly perspective – wanting to hold on to the things of this world. Paul tells us that a great time of apostasy is coming (2 Thess 2:3). This time of apostasy is going to be rooted in an earthly rather than a Kingdom mindset. The thinking of many who claim to be disciples of Messiah, they claim to be believers and part of the body of Messiah, is going to be more in light with the thoughts of the world than in line with prophetic truth. 
  • Behold your G-d: Everyone agrees that this passage is Messianic. This phrase is speaking about the coming of Messiah – the return of Yeshua of Nazareth, into this world, to establish His Kingdom. 

v10: Arm: Hebrew can be very specific. The name for the portion of the arm from the elbow to the hand is called a ‘yad’, but the upper portion of the arm, above the elbow, is called the וּזְרֹע֖וֹ (ū·zə·rō·‘ōw). This name comes from the same root word as a seed/offspring. This word is written in the masculine, so is referring to a male offspring. This word also has a sacrificial aspect to it. When an animal was sacrificed the chief portion, i.e. the upper section of the arm, was the most desired portion for sacrifice. 

  • His arm: In light of the above, this refers to G-d’s sacrificial Son – Messiah Yeshua. 
  • His reward is with Him, and His work before Him: G-d is going to bring a reward and the purpose of giving that reward is to bring about His activity. There is a relationship between the reward and the Kingdom that His work is going to bring about. 

v11: Feed His flock like a shepherd: Messiah is going to shepherd His flock and He’s going to do so sacrificially (by providing what is required). John 10:11

Note: This verse is very symbolic of what we read in the New Covenant. Messiah is the Good Shepherd. He goes after the missing sheep and carries them back to the flock. Psalm 23 tells us that He will lead us and guide us to safe pastures and still waters. This is all imagery telling us that Messiah leads His flock, His disciples, into the Kingdom of G-d.

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