The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 50 Part 2

Isaiah

On to Isaiah 50:4-11 

v4: The tongue of the learned: This is speaking of a tongue that has been trained. It is a tongue that has learned to speak, with knowledge, at the right time. 

  • In season: A word that is spoken at an appropriate time. 
  • A word…to him who is weary: This is a word that is going to cause those who are weary to be stirred up, to feel renewed. 
  • Morning by morning: Every morning. This means that this was something he was committed to. This one is prepared to speak encouragement to those who are weary or worn out. The context is that the sins and transgressions of the people have weighed them down, burdened them, wearied them. This One who is coming knows how to speak. He knows how to bring them a word of encouragement. He knows how to refresh the weary and renew their strength – and He does it at the right time. Yeshua is trained. He is the One who is appropriate to lead this return, this redemption. 

v5: Opened My ear: Many people see this as a Messianic chapter, in which case the implication is that He (Yeshua) had heard and had understood the call which was upon His life. He knew that He had to be the perfect Lamb of G-d while He was on earth so that He could be the perfect sacrifice to redeem and save mankind from their sin. 

  • I was not rebellious: Yeshua accepted that He was going to suffer and die. He did not rebel against this calling. Yeshua heard what He was supposed to do, and He was committed to doing it.
  • Nor did I turn away: Yeshua (the suffering Servant) did not turn away from G-d’s call. 

v6: Struck Me: This could be a reference to the flogging that Yeshua received (John 19:1, Luke 22:63). 

  • Plucked out the beard: There is no New Testament reference for someone pulling out the beard of Messiah, but this was a common practice to shame someone. It was also a form of torture.
  • Shame and spitting: Those who beat up Yeshua wanted to shame Him. Yeshua did not run away or hide from being shamed (Mark 15:19).

v7: The L-rd G-d will help Me: Many scholars see this as a term referring to the resurrection. Yeshua was publicly humiliated at the cross. He was stripped naked, crucified and hung in a public place. At the resurrection there was a change – that shame was changed into something glorious. 

  • Set My face like a flint (stone): Yeshua was determined that He was not going to turn away from what He had to go through. 
  • I know that I will not be ashamed: Yeshua, even though He is fully G-d, did not lord His status over humanity, but He humbled Himself and allowed Himself to die a horrible death on the cross (Phil 2:5-11). Because of what Yeshua did, G-d (the Father) gave Him the name above all names. At His name every tongue shall confess, and every knee shall bow. Yeshua will never again suffer shame and humiliation, but all humanity will bow to Him. 

v8: He is near who justifies Me: The One who shows what is righteous. This is referring to the work that G-d the Father did in raising Yeshua from the dead (Acts 2:24, Roms 10:9). The resurrection justified Yeshua. The resurrection was a statement that revealed to us that G-d the Father approved everything that Yeshua did in those 3.5 years of ministry. Resurrection was G-d’s stamp of approval on Yeshua. 

  • Who will contend with Me: Who would want to bring a charge against Yeshua? 
  • Let him come near Me: If someone has a charge against Yeshua, Yeshua is inviting them to present these charges publicly. 

Note: Yeshua is not afraid of any charges of unrighteousness levelled against Him. His conscience is clear. His willingness to face any charges brought against Him assure us that He is a righteous Saviour. Everything that Yeshua did was fully justified. 

v9: Who is he who will condemn me: G-d the Father found no fault in Yeshua (His raising of Yeshua from the dead is proof that He found the work of the cross complete and the Lamb on that cross perfect), so no human being will be able to find fault with Yeshua either. 

  • The moth will eat them up: Referring to what is going to happen to those who find fault with Yeshua and who bring a case against Him.  

v10: Who among you fears the L-rd: Every human being has to make a choice – are we going to be those who find fault with Messiah, or are we going to be among those who fear Him? 

  • Obeys the voice of His Servant: Obedience is the proof that shows a fear of the L-rd. If we fear Him, we will obey Him.

Note: In Deut 18:15-22 Moses told the people that G-d was going to raise up someone like him and they were to listen to this One that G-d was going to raise up. Moses is seen as the first redeemer. He brought the people out of bondage, out of the land of Egypt, and he took them to the border of the Promised land. That was the call upon Moses’ life. Messiah, in a similar way to Moses, brings us out of our bondage to sin and He leads us into the Promised Kingdom. 

  • His Servant: Messiah Yeshua
  • Who walks in darkness and has no light: This is still talking about the one who fears the L-rd ie the one who listens to Yeshua. This one walks by faith. He cannot see what is going on around him, but he relies on and trusts G-d for safe passage through this dark world. 
  • Obeys…trusts…relies: One of the chief characteristics of Hebrew poetry is parallelism. What we find here is that those who listen to and obey G-d are demonstrating their trust and reliance on Him. Those who do this are making a good choice. 

v11: This verse is in contrast to Isaiah 50:10. These people are making a foolish choice. They are not happy to live by faith and walk in the darkness – relying on G-d. These people make their own plans, they make their own fires and attempt to walk in the little light that they themselves have kindled with their own hands. This choice is going to lead to shame and eternal condemnation. The vast majority of people do not listen to Yeshua, and they make the wrong decision. We need to be those who listen to Him and obey Him, those who rely on Him – especially in this dark age that we find ourselves in. 

  • Kindle a fire: They do not accept the revelation (light/truth) of G-d, but they rely on their own revelation and ‘illumination’.
  • Lie down: A term that has to do with death.

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