The Book of Isaiah Bible Study Chapter 63 Part 1

Isaiah

Next we read Isaiah 63:1-6

We need to be very specific when we talk about the “coming of Messiah” as to whether we are talking about our blessed hope (the rapture) – which takes place before G-d’s wrath – or if we are talking about His second coming, which takes place at the end of Daniel’s 70th week – the final seven years of the outpouring of G-d’s wrath. 

G-d’s wrath features significantly in this chapter, so we can know with assurance that it is not referring to the rapture but to the second coming of Messiah. The purpose of the rapture is that of delivering the New Covenant people (believers) out of this world in order that they do not experience any of G-d’s wrath. The first purpose of the second coming of Messiah is to deliver Israel and bring a 1/3rd remnant of them to faith. Its second purpose is to destroy Israel’s (G-d’s) enemies (hence the final outpouring of G-d’s wrath). 

The book of Obadiah reveals to us that there is going to be a final battle and it is going to involve Edom – the sons of Esau – and the sons of Jacob (the children of Israel). Isaiah 63 focuses on this battle. We know (from various prophecies) that the nations of the world are going to side with Edom. 

From Scripture we know that Messiah is going to place His feet in three very specific places when He returns: 

1. Bozrah, Edom, Mount Seir. When Yeshua returns this is a location where He will pour out His judgment. Scholars identify Bozrah to be the capital of Edom. Bozrah is a word which means a citadel, a stronghold or a fortified place (a walled city with many soldiers). Mount Seir is the name of this mountain of Esau – the place from which G-d is going to judge Edom.

2. Armageddon – the Jezreel Valley, Jehoshaphat (the valley of the L-rd’s judgment). Messiah is going to destroy the armies of the enemy at this location. 

            3. The Mount of Olives (Acts 1:9-12, Zech 14:4) 

v1: This: Referring to Messiah. 

  • Bozrah: The capital city of Edom. Edom is G-d’s eternal enemy. 
  • Glorious: Speaking of splendour.
  • Traveling: This could also be the word for marching – marching like an army. This is a word that has a military overtone. 
  • Traveling in the greatness (abundance) of His strength (power): Messiah, as a one-man army, is coming and defeating all the armies of the world, who have united with the antichrist against Israel.
  • I who speak in righteousness: This is Messiah’s purpose – righteousness (Matt 6:33). The best adjective used to describe the Kingdom of G-d is this word – righteous. The objective for those who are truly saved is to live righteously. 
  • Mighty to save: G-d saves us so that we can be part of His righteous Kingdom, and so that we can be people who begin to live righteous lives. 

v2: Note: He has a soiled garment. His garment is red like the garments of those who have been working with the grapes – those who have been treading them down in a wine vat. It looks like His garments have been stained by wine, but in reality, they are stained with the blood of His enemies. 

v3: I have trodden the winepress alone: The source of this wrath is Yeshua, and He alone has brought it about (all matters of judgment have been given to the Son. He is the One who is responsible. He paid the price for all sin and has earned the title: ‘L-rd of lords and King of kings.’

  • The peoples: The nations.
  • From the peoples no one was with Me: The reason for this is that just prior to this event (the beginning of the wrath of G-d) Messiah gathered up all those who were ‘IN Him’ – those from every tribe, language and nation. Of those left behind, none among the peoples were now for Him. 
  • Trampled them in My fury: This is clearly a reference to Messiah coming back and pouring out the anger and wrath of G-d upon the peoples who have no covenantal relationship with G-d the Father.
  • Stained all My robes: His robes have become polluted. They have become that which is rejectable because they have Edom’s blood on them – a people who are forever rejected. 

v4: Vengeance: In the New Testament this is a word related to bringing out righteousness and justice from a situation. G-d’s judgment destroys everything that is not righteous and just, which ensures that everything left behind is righteous and just. 

  • Day of vengeance…year of My redeemed: There is a relationship between redemption and this concept of vengeance (destroying all things that are not right, holy or according to the will of G-d).

v5: There was no one to help: There was no one that He could rely or depend upon. All of the nations who were left (after the rapture) were a faithless people. None of them were repenting or turning from their sin (Rev 9:20-21). 

Note: The exception to this, at this time, is going to be the remnant from the house of Israel – those within the tribes who are brought to faith (Zech 12:10-14). However, this is not the subject of this passage. This passage talks about the retribution that G-d is going to place upon the nations.

  • My own arm: A reference to Messiah – the seed, the offspring, the sacrifice, the Son. 
  • My own arm brought salvation: Messiah sacrificed Himself, being delivered over to death, to pay for the punishment for our sins, in order to redeem us. Messiah’s purpose was to bring salvation to mankind. 
  • My own fury… sustained Me: G-d’s wrath supported Him – He was able to lean on it. His wrath is what brought appeasement to Him. G-d hates evil and unrighteousness, and His wrath destroyed those things. With what was left it was now possible for G-d to create and establish His Kingdom. 

v6: I have trodden down the peoples in My anger: The first coming of Yeshua was not for the purpose of condemnation but for the purpose of salvation. This is not the purpose for His second coming. The New Testament reveals to us that the purpose of His second coming is apart from salvation – the implication is that it is for the wrath of G-d – to destroy those who have rejected His covenant. He is not coming to save or deliver but He is coming to destroy those things which are in opposition to His Kingdom purposes. The outcome, ultimately, of G-d’s judgment and wrath is the establishment of His Kingdom – a Kingdom of righteousness, holiness, justice and perfection. 

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