Many of the Psalms are written as Hebrew poetry. As such, a characteristic of Hebrew poetry is
Parallelism (symbol: //). This means that one thing is likened to another. In the Hebrew language there are grammatical indicators, that reveal (not just suggest – so we don’t have to guess 😉) what is parallel with something else.
Examples of grammatical indicators could include gender similarities (masculine or feminine), grammatical numbers that agree with one another (singular or plural), the state of the verbs (perfect or imperfect, i.e an action that is complete or incomplete), etc.
In this Psalm we are going to see many examples of parallelism. When we recognize and learn to use this trait it is going to make the reading of the Word of G-d much more effective.
This psalm is a Messianic Psalm. This means that it reveals a great deal of truth concerning the Messiah. One thing, immediately evident, is that the world is going to be against Him. Just as there was a lot of resistance at Yeshua’s first coming there is also going to be a lot at His second. This shouldn’t surprise us. Those who belong to the world will always reject spiritual truth – because spiritual truth is related to the Kingdom. This Psalm destroys the view that the church is going to be successful in establishing justice, righteousness, and peace in the world before the return of Messiah. This is a false teaching.
v1: Nations…peoples: (an example of // – they are put on the same footing ie made equal in this text) Gentiles – i.e. people who have no covenant relationship with G-d.
· Rage: A word of extreme emotion. The nations do not want what this psalm is about – the establishment of Yeshua’s Kingdom on earth. If Yeshua was only going to be the king of the heavens the nations wouldn’t care, as He then wouldn’t interfere with their earthly plans. Pilate was ok to write what he wrote in John 19:19-22, as it didn’t directly affect his kingdom. G-d’s Kingdom, however, brings about great change in this world – it transforms it. Most people don’t want this transformation to touch their lives.
· Plot – deep meditation. This is a sensitive matter and those in the nations need to give serious thought as to how they are going to deal with it.
Note: This Scripture foreshadows opposition against Messiah Yeshua.
v2: kings…rulers (//): Set themselves…take counsel (//) – they lay a foundation against G-d and His plans for His Anointed one (G-d and Messiah are also made to be //. They are shown to be in relationship, in unity, equal. An OT proof that Messiah – Yeshua – is G-d).
v3: Bonds…cords (//): Those in authority (the kings etc) are going to behave against the purpose of G-d. This shows that there is going to be a future conflict between the nations and G-d. This verse is an indicator that the world is not going to be brought into obedience to the things of G-d by the success of the end time church (This is a false teaching). We are not going
to be able to clean up this world before the return of Messiah. He alone can bring about salvation.
v4: One who sits in the heavens…the L-rd: (//)
· Laugh – He does not see this plotting against Him as a threat. He will just speak and His enemies will be defeated (Rev 19:15, 2 Thess 2:8)
· Derision (// to laugh – you get the idea, so I will leave you to figure out the rest of the //’s in this psalm): He will mock them. All the worlds’ actions, preparations, strength, resources etc against G-d are pathetic, laughable. They pose no threat to Him.
v5: G-d anger is stirred against those who stand in opposition to His purposes, who stand against Yeshua being received as the King of kings.
· Distress them: In Hebrew this word means to terrify someone by the act of surprising them. The world is going to be taken by surprise, caught off guard, when G-d begins to act.
v6: The crux of this psalm is found in this verse – the enthronement/coronation of G-d’s King, His rulership upon this earth (not figuratively but literally)
· ‘I’ refers to G-d the Father.
· Have set – written in the past tense. Scripturally, when something yet future is written in the past tense it shows that it is considered as already completed, a foregone conclusion that cannot be changed.
· Holy hill – the temple mount
· Zion – the name for Jerusalem in its perfect state. The millennial rule of Messiah is not figurative or symbolic. It is literal. His rule will be set up in Jerusalem and it is from there that the saints will “rule and reign” with Him (2 Tim 2:12, Rev 20:4)
v7: A decree is a law or a statute.
· ‘Me’ is a reference to Yeshua – Messiah.
· It is clear here that G-d is anointing His Son (the Anointed One) –King of kings.
· Begotten – this means to ‘give birth to’. It is important to note that birth is not conception. We only say a mother has given birth when the child has been brought forth, exposed to the world, manifested. Yeshua has never not existed. He is the eternal Son of G-d. However, there was a time in history when He was manifested (“birthed”, begotten) to the world.
v8: Again, this is Father G-d speaking. When is G-d going to give Yeshua these things? 1 Cor 15:24-28….at the end. After His wrath will come His Kingdom, His inheritance.
v9: G-d’s desire is that no one perish but all receive everlasting life. That is His will. But that does not mean all people are going to repent and receive eternal life. There are two ways G-d deals with people:
· The rod speaks of discipline (for those who have accepted Yeshua – G-d disciples His children).
· The potter’s vessel is an act of creation. Those in creation who reject G-d are going to become worthless, rejected. Swept away. Those who reject Yeshua become rejected themselves.
v10: The kings (presidents, rulers etc) who do not enter into this plotting against G-d are wise and informed.
v11: One who is wise will worship, or serve, the L-rd with fear. Notice that Worship and rejoicing are // (when we worship the outcome is joy) and fear and trembling are //. See Isaiah 66:2&5
v12: Kiss – a sign of adoration (worship), obedience, homage, submissiveness. If we don’t want to receive judgment and wrath then we need to be IN Messiah – confessing with our mouths and believing in our hearts that He is L-RD – “with the mouth confession is made to salvation” – Roms 10:9-10.
· When His wrath is kindled but a little against us we need to repent (Ie on this earth, while we still have time). His wrath will be kindled a lot against us on the other side of eternity (when we die) if we fail to repent now.
· Blessed – happy. See commentary for Ps 1:1
· Trust – this is a word for taking refuge in Him (Yeshua – the Son, who this entire verse has been about).