The Book of Psalms Bible Study Psalm 45

Psalm 45

There’s no debate about it: this is a messianic psalm (i.e. It is a Psalm that gives us information about the Messiah). The purpose of this Psalm is to show how wonderful and glorious Messiah (Yeshua) is. G-d the Father is well pleased with His Son, and G-d anointed Yeshua to establish a Kingdom where nations and people would bring gifts to worship Him. 

Inscription: Chief musician – it is a psalm addressed to the chief music director, the one who is

orchestrating this psalm. This psalm was utilized among the congregation for worship. 

  • The Lilies/Roses – it is unclear if this was a specific musical instrument or a tune. 
  • The sons of Korah authored the psalm. 
  • Contemplation – it is intended to give us wisdom or understanding that leads to good things (things that are pleasing to G-d and accomplish His purposes)
  • Song of Love – a song of fellowship, loving one another, intimacy, togetherness. It is only through the work of Yeshua (Messiah) that we can be brought together in unity. 

v1: My heart – even though this psalm is written by the sons (plural) we see they speak as one man – they are united in their thought. 

  • Overflowing – the heart is behaving differently. In this context it is not behaving in the normal way but in an extraordinary way. His heart is reflecting the joy, the wonderful outcome etc of the work of Messiah. Hearts are touched by the work of G-d. 
  • A good theme – one that is in alignment with the will of G-d. Those who recognise Messiah receive and apply His work into their lives. This then leads them to worship G-d. 
  • A composition is a work. The authors bring their praise and adoration (their works) before G-d (recite it to Him). They desire to worship Him. 
  • A ready writer – he has the tools and is ready, able, willing to use them quickly. He wants to make the good news about Messiah public. 

v2: Fairer – more beautiful. Yeshua is better (more unique) than the rest of human beings. He never fell short of the glory of G-d (never sinned) and He perfectly fulfilled G-d’s will. 

  • Grace – mercy and favour. 
  • Lips – a reference to Yeshua’s words. When we apply Yeshua’s words to our lives we are going to find favour with G-d. 
  • G-d has blessed You forever – G-d was well pleased with Yeshua’s work. It is a work that has eternal consequences. There is no other way to receive the blessings of G-d except through Yeshua. He is the key to blessing. 

v3: Yeshua is depicted as a warrior. This will clearly be revealed at His second coming (Rev 19:15)

As a warrior He is going to bring defeat upon the enemies as He sets things in order again. His people will experience victory!

  • Mighty One – Hero. 
  • Glory (splendour)…majesty: These are words that are normally reserved for G-d. We see that Messiah takes on these same attributes – He is G-d. Equality with G-d was not something He had to grasp (In His very essence He is G-d) but He humbled Himself and submitted to the purpose of carrying out the work of G-d (Phil 2:5-11)

v4: Biblical prosperity is connected to the will of G-d. Prosperity is seen as the fulfilment of G-ds will (ie A poor person – not prosperous by worldly definition – in the will of G-d would be considered prosperous – by Biblical definition). Yeshua rides prosperously – He rides out by and in the will of His Father. 

  • Truth – prosperity is connected to truth, humility and righteousness. Prosperity (by Biblical definition) is only evidenced in our lives if these three things are operating in our lives. They are the foundation on which prosperity is set. 
  • Humility – the opposite of pride. If we walk in pride we will never manifest anything related to righteousness. 
  • Right hand shows integrity, loyalty, faithfulness. Messiah’s right hand manifests the awesome things of G-d. These can also be related to judgement. G-d’s judgement is able to manifest wonderful things. The Kingdom of G-d comes about as an outcome of G-d’s judgment. 

v5: Sharp arrows – speaks about His ability to carry out war. He is an effective warrior. He has the power to bring the enemies of the King (G-d Himself) down. 

v6: Sceptre – rod or staff. It implies authority and power. G-d uses His power for that which is upright/good. 

v7: The emphasis of this psalm is on Messiah. Yeshua loved righteousness and hated wickedness. Yeshua is going to establish righteousness and destroy wickedness – that is what He is anointed for.  

  • More than Your companions – all the other servants of G-d (Moses, the prophets, the kings etc). Messiah’s anointing is unique. It is different to anyone else. 
  • His anointing is going to ultimately bring about joy – joy is related to worship. 

v8: Garments – good deeds, works that are pleasing to G-d. 

  • Myrrh, aloe, cassia – these things all smell good…a pleasing aroma (Gen 8:21)
  • Ivory palaces – a sanctuary. Worship (entering into that sanctuary of G-d) produces gladness. 

v9: Here we see the response of people. Many times in the Bible when females are mentioned in a passage we can think about redemption. The redemptive ones of the nations – in essence the bride of Messiah – are going to respond to the work of Messiah. There is a unity – peoples, nations and tribes are going to come together under the L-rdship/rule of Messiah. 

  • The queen (the bride of Messiah) is positioned at His right hand. 
  • The gold from Ophir – the finest gold. This bride is presented as someone who is glorious. The congregation of the redeemed, the church, is going to ultimately be in this glorious state – reflecting the glory of G-d. 

v10: This is very similar to what Ruth did. New covenant people have to make a conscious decision to break from their natural heritage and embrace a new identity. 

v11: Greatly desire i.e it is a strong desire. 

  • Your beauty – what you become in Messiah (Your new condition through faith in Him)
  • Worship Him – we are commanded to worship the Messiah (Yeshua), for He is King. 

v12: Daughter of Tyre – Lebanon. 

  • Gift – often related to worship – offering a sacrifice.  
  • Seek your favour – the wealthy are hoping for the Presence of G-d. It is through worship that we can have a hope and an expectation of the Presence of G-d. 

v13: Royal daughter -daughter of the King. This means a believer, someone who has become part of the family of G-d through faith in Yeshua. 

  • All glorious within – the emphasis is on her new character, inward. 
  • Her clothing – garments = deeds. An inward change will produce outward results – ie good and beautiful deeds. 

v14: Robes of many colours – embroidered garments. Variety. This is workmanship that is of the highest quality. Individuals who submit to Messiah are going to live in such a way that they present those things that are pleasing and beautiful. We become the workmanship of G-d, therefore our work should also reflect His Presence in our lives. 

  • Virgins – an absence of idolatry. The only solution against idolatry is faith in Yeshua. His workmanship in our lives helps us to do good and pleasing works for Him rather than living to please ourselves – which is what idolatry is. 

v15: Gladness and rejoicing – the use of these two similar words show that there is abundant rejoicing. They are not doing things out of obligation but out of the overflowing joy in their hearts. When we faithfully do G-d’s work it takes us into the Presence of the King of kings. 

v16: Fathers provide. Sons speak of heirs or inheritance. 

  • Make princes in all the earth – believers inherit a call to rule and reign with Messiah in the Millennial Kingdom (Rev 20:4-6) 

v17:  It is so important that we remember what Yeshua is like – His character, behaviour, attributes etc (name = character)

  • The people – referring to the remnant from all peoples, nations, languages and tribes.
  • Forever and ever – a reference to the eternal Kingdom.

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