v12: The Euphrates river is in the East. Judgement, in Scripture, is depicted as coming from the East (Ex 10v13, Jonah 4v8 etc)
- These kings play an important role in the battle of Armageddon, also called Gog and Magog. They are coming to wage war on Jerusalem They want to destroy it, and the temple, because they are against worship. The kings do not want G-d’s Kingdom to be established. They think that if they can destroy Jerusalem they would have been successful in their ungodly purposes.
v13: satan (the dragon) is the one who is leading these kings. Frogs are unkosher/ unclean animals. In Jewish tradition there is a relationship between frogs and demons.
v14: Demonic power is always used for the purpose of deception. These kings are going to be deceived into believing that they can conquer.
v15: When the Bible references ‘coming as a thief’ it is referring to Messiah (1 Thess 5v1-2, 2 Peter 3v10). He comes as a thief for those who are unprepared, those who live in darkness (1 Thess 5v4).
- Yeshua used this concept of ‘watching’ in the garden of Gethsemane. He used it moments before he was about to fulfil what He had come to this life to do. To lay down his life. The disciples could not watch, and did not watch – even for one hour – they were disgraceful in their response to Messiah at that moment of truth. They fled and denied Him because they were not careful to watch (Matt 26v40-46). Yeshua also spoke about watching in Matt 24v42-44. As His followers we need to watch, or to take heed of what is going on around us, as He does not want that day to catch us off guard.
- Garments are related to good deeds (Rev 19v8). Those who are watching and being diligent are going to have their clothes (good deeds) with them. They will be obedient to the commandments of G-d. This obedience covers up their shame. Nakedness and shame go together.
v16: G-d is going to manifest Himself in a very unique way in this place called Armageddon. He is going to make a great pronouncement: there is punishment for those who want to thwart His purposes.
- Armageddon is found in the Jezreel Valley, It means ‘The Mountain of Destruction’. Jezreel means “G-d will plant’ and it is associated with a promise – that in the place of destruction G-d is going to plant His people. In Isaiah 63 we see that the first place that Messiah is going to return to is Bozrah, the mountain of Esau known as Mt Seir. Next, He will come to Armageddon and destroy this large army that wants to destroy and take Jerusalem. The third place He returns to is the Mount of Olives.
v17: Reminiscent of Yeshua’s words on the cross: “It is finished” – G-d’s wrath and judgement has been poured out in order to prepare the way for His throne (i.e. His rule and reign).
v18: (see Exodus 20) Mt Sinai is a glorious and a dismal location. Glorious because G-d manifested Himself. Dismal because Israel did not respond properly to His manifestation. G-d moved closer to them, to put them into a place where they could not sin, but they moved away from Him and rejected Him. What we see here is a second opportunity for Israel. This does not mean that a person – Jew or Gentile – gets a second chance. We are talking solely about those who are alive when this happens. It is appointed for man to die once and after that the judgement (Heb 9v27-28). There are no second chances for a person individually. For Israel collectively, for those alive at the time, they will be given an opportunity, where their ancestors failed, to respond in obedience, to act in faith.
- Every time an earthquake happens in the Bible it shows us that this has worldwide implications attached to it. This is a supernatural earthquake. It announces the coming of the Kingdom.
v19 The great city = Jerusalem
- Three is for the purpose of revelation or declaring something.
- Babylon and the evil empire, of the last days, are connected. This empire is often simply spoken of as Babylon. G-d is going to judge this empire.
v20: G-d brings a change to this creation that we know today. This shows the redemptive process. When we are saved we are called to become new creations(2 Cor 5v17)
v21:Many of these final plagues are reminiscent of the plagues in Egypt. These people are blaming G-d for their trouble, not realising that these things are happening because of their own unrighteousness. ‘Babylon, Babylon has fallen’ was pronounced earlier (14v8) – a wise person would have left Babylon at that point (like a wise person would leave a building that is on fire).
Not only do we get ourselves ready for what is to come upon this world but, if we are wise and understand the call that we have been given (that of the ministry of reconciliation), we will be quick and ready to proclaim the everlasting gospel to those who are perishing (2 Cor 6v2).