The Book of Romans Bible Study Chapter 10 Part 4

Let’s end off Romans chapter 10: Romans 10:15-21

v15:They are sent: When G-d sends someone, He gives them authority. This authority is limited, in that it needs to be based upon the truth of Scripture. When men begin to speak from their own thoughts and imaginations it ceases to be preaching – in that the anointing of G-d’s Spirit is not on it. 

  • It is written: Quoted from Isaiah 52:7 
  • Preach: Proclaims. This is the word for ‘evangelising’. The foundational objective of preaching is to evangelize to others in regard to G-d’s plan of redemption – how peace is established between G-d and man. 
  • Peace: This is a very significant word in the Scripture. When the Bible speaks about peace it’s speaking about one thing: peace, Biblically speaking, is the fulfilment of G-d’s will. We cannot fulfil G-d’s will unless we are first redeemed. Redemption prepares us to become a servant of G-d so that we are able to do the will of G-d. 
  • Good: This is a word which is also related to the will of G-d.
  • Good things: Those things which are in accordance with G-d’s plans or purposes.

v16: Obeyed: Responded to. Obeying the gospel comes with an understanding that we want to turn away from sin. The Spirit leads us into truth, and therefore to living righteously – having a righteous behaviour. 

  • Isaiah: Quoted from Isaiah 53:1
  • Believed our report: Our lives need to be lived as testimonies. Once we have heard the Word of G-d, we respond to it by obeying. 

v17: Faith comes by hearing: It is only when people have heard G-d’s plan for redemption (from His Word) that their faith can be activated. 

v18: To all the earth…: Quoted from Ps 19:4

  • Their sound (voice) has gone out to all the earth: The foundation of the gospel has been proclaimed throughout history – even before the incarnation of Messiah. 
  • Ends of the world: The outer places. The problem isn’t a lack of knowledge. The problem is a rejection of the truth. This is true for Israel, but it is just as true for the Gentiles. Many in humanity are uninterested in the revelation/truth of G-d.

v19: Did Israel not know: Was this Israel’s problem? Had they not heard of G-d’s plan for redemption? This was not Israel’s problem. They had heard it. 

  • Moses says: Paul quotes from Deut 32:21. 
  • I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation: Israel took great joy in the fact that G-d had made them into a people, and they wanted to think that G-d and His message was exclusive to them. The people in the nations were scattered. They had different cultures, different identities etc. G-d took His message of redemption and with it He penetrated the different communities. By this He showed that the gospel was not exclusive to one people but was available to all. Ultimately G-d’s Kingdom people are from every tribe, every nation and every language. G-d’s message of redemption crosses cultural divisions. G-d, not keeping His Word exclusive, provoked the Jewish people. 
  • I will anger you by a foolish (lacking understanding) nation: The Jewish people are going to see that even those without special understanding, or spiritual unity, can have peace, joy, power and the ability to be set free from the bondage of this world. Instead of being happy about this, though, it has angered them. 

v20: Isaiah … says: Quoted from Isaiah 65:1

  • I was found: Isaiah is quoting G-d. 
  • Did not ask: Did not enquire. 

Note: Israel, had a zeal, but it was not a zeal according to knowledge. They zealously did good works, but it left them frustrated. It did not bring about the change that they were seeking. 

The nations, on the other hand, did not have the Scripture given to them. They did not have any understanding about the things of G-d. They were not seeking G-d and nor were they enquiring about Him. However, when the truth of G-d (with power) was proclaimed to them they found G-d, as He was manifested to them. 

v21: All day long I have stretched out My hands: G-d has never rejected Israel or replaced them with another people. 

  • Disobedient: They did not want to submit to the truth found in the Scripture. 
  • (Speaking) contrary: Not only did they reject what the Scripture said but they also spoke against the truth of G-d.

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